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Table 2 Participants’ Characteristics

From: Development and testing of relative risk-based health messages for electronic cigarette products

  N = 983 % Mean SD Min Max
Gender
Male 635 61.7
Female 393 38.2
Non-binary/prefer not to disclose 2 0.2
Ethnicity
White 998 96.9
Black/African/Caribbean 6 .6
Mixed/Multiple ethnic background 13 1.3
Asian (incl. n = 1 Other) 13 1.3
Countries of origin1
United Kingdom 142 13.8
Ukraine 145 14.1
Spain 94 9.1
Italy 90 8.7
Poland 61 5.9
Bosnia & Herzegovina 52 5.0
Germany 46 4.5
Romania 46 4.5
Other European countries 278 26.96     
Occupation
Routine and manual 234 22.7
Intermediate 257 25
Managerial & professional 433 42
Never worked & Long term unemployed 106 10.3
Economic activity
Employed (incl. employed & studying) 785 76.2
Unemployed & looking for work 96 9.3
Unemployed & studying 50 4.9
Retired 30 2.9
Never worked &/or long term unemployed (incl. home carer) 69 6.7
Highest qualification to date
Degree (or equivalent) 321 31.3
Higher education (below degree level) 386 37.4
A-levels or highers 129 12.5
ONC or National level BTEC 22 2.1
Age 37.81 10.60 18 83
Smoking/Vaping status2
Current exclusive smokers 316 30.68
Current Dual users 340 33.00
Non-smokers/Non-vapers 327 31.75
FTCD3 (N = 660) 3.81 2.45 0 9
MTSS4 (N = 660) 3.44 1.55 1 7
  1. 1Countries of origin excludes missing data (n = 25) and does not sum to 100% of the sample. Only those with a frequency greater than n = 40 is shown, see Additional file 4: Table S1 for a more detailed list of countries; 2Smoking/Vaping status includes daily and occasional current use, 22 cases were missing; 3FTCD = Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependence; 4MTSS = Motivation to Stop [Smoking] Scale, both were measured in smokers only