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Table 2 Comparison of the 30-days items between pre-COVID and COVID periods

From: The impact of COVID-19 on people who inject drugs in New York City: increased risk and decreased access to services

  Total Usual care Accessible care
Pre-COVID COVID Pre-COVID COVID Pre-COVID COVID
(n = 60; 56.6% (n = 46; 43.3%) (n = 30; 57.7%) (n = 22; 42.3%) (n = 30; 55.6%) (n = 24; 44.4%)
% % % % % %
Mental health       
 Experienced serious depression 52.5 84.8** 58.6 90.9* 46.7 79.2*
 Experienced serious anxiety or tension? 49.2 84.8** 48.3 90.9** 50.0 79.2*
 Experienced serious thoughts or suicide? 5.1 13.0 3.4 18.2 6.7 8.3
 Attempted suicide? 1.7 2.2 0.0 4.5 3.3 0.0
 In the past 30 have you experienced any psychological or emotional problems? 50.0 80.4** 53.3 81.8* 46.7 79.2*
 How much have you been troubled or bothered by these psychological or emotional problems in the past 30 days? (Considerably/Extremely) 37.3 66.7** 34.6 84.2** 40.0 52.2
 How important to you now is treatment for these psychological problems? (Considerably/Extremely) 37.3 57.1^ 30.8 68.4* 44.0 47.8
  Mean (std) Mean (std) Mean (std) Mean (std) Mean (std) Mean (std)
Injection frequency and risk behavior       
 In the past 30 days, how many days have you injected drugs? (mean) 9.3 (12.6) 9.3 (13.0) 10.2 (13.5) 16.0 (14.9) 8.5 (11.9) 3.2 (7.0)^
 On the days that you injected, on average how many times a day did you inject? (mean) 1.9 (3.3) 1.3 (2.4) 1.6 (2.4) 1.6 (1.7) 2.1 (4.1) 1.1 (2.9)^
 In the past 30 days when you injected, how many times did you use a new, sterile syringe? (mean) 32.9 (69.5) 15.6 (31.6) 35.6 (69.7) 28.6 (41.3) 30.1 (70.3) 3.0 (5.9)*
  % % % % % %
In the past 30 days when you injected, did you use a new, sterile syringe? 55.0 45.7 56.7 63.6 53.3 29.2^
In the past 30 days, did you reuse your own syringes? 8.3 19.6^ 6.7 31.8* 10.0 8.3
In the past 30 days, did you give your used syringe for other to use? 6.7 10.9 6.7 18.2 6.7 4.2
In the past 30 days, did you use a syringe that had already been used by somebody else? 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.7 0.0
In the past 30 days, how many times did you share cookers? 15.0 21.7 16.7 45.5* 13.3 0.0
In the past 30 days, did you share cottons/filters 15.0 21.7 16.7 45.5* 13.3 0.0
In the past 30 days, did you share drug diluting water? 15.0 21.7 16.7 45.5* 13.8 0.0
In the past 30 days, did you share a water container? 15.0 21.7 16.7 45.5* 13.8 0.0
In the past 30 days, did you use drugs that had been divided with a syringe (e.g., backloading)? 16.7 17.4 16.7 36.4 16.7 0.0^
  1. ^ p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < .01