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Table 3 Comparison of the 90-days items between Pre-COVID and COVID Periods

From: The impact of COVID-19 on people who inject drugs in New York City: increased risk and decreased access to services

  Total Usual Care Accessible Care
Pre-COVID COVID Pre-COVID COVID Pre-COVID COVID
(n = 56; 60.2%) (n = 37; 39.8%) (n = 27; 61.4%) (n = 17; 38.6%) (n = 29; 59.2%) (n = 20; 40.8%)
% % % % % %
Overdose       
 Have you overdosed in the past 90 days? 5.4 13.5 3.7 5.9 6.9 20.0
 Emergency Personnel Have you had emergency personnel come because of an overdose in the past 90 days? 0.0 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
 Do you currently have Narcan/Naloxone (e.g., at your house, in your purse)? 32.1 24.3 33.3 47.1 31.0 5.0*
Substance use       
 Any drug use past 90 days 83.9 70.3 74.1 70.6 93.1 70.0*
 Any regular drug use past 90 days 62.5 54.1 59.3 58.8 65.5 50.0
 Any drug injection past 90 days 62.5 48.6 55.6 52.9 69.0 45.0^
 Any regular drug injection past 90 days 42.9 35.1 40.7 47.1 44.8 25.0
 Have you drunk alcohol in the past 90 days? 19.6 29.7 22.2 35.3 17.2 25.0
 Have you drunk alcohol regularly in the past 90 days? (Regular use = 3 or more times/week) 12.5 29.7* 11.1 35.3^ 13.8 25.0
Drug treatment       
 Have you been in treatment for drug use in the past 90 days? 51.8 54.1 44.4 47.1 58.6 60.0
 Buprenorphine treatment alone—drug treatment in the past 90 days 8.9 2.7 3.7 5.9 13.8 0.0
 Buprenorphine treatment plus outpatient counseling—drug treatment in the past 90 days 17.9 5.4 25.9 0.0* 10.3 10.0
 Methadone maintenance program—drug treatment in the past 90 day 35.7 51.4 33.3 41.2 37.9 60.0
 Residential detoxification program (< = 1wk)—drug treatment in the past 90 days 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.4 0.0
 Residential rehabilitation program (28-day program)—drug treatment in the past 90 days 0.0 10.8* 0.0 5.9 0.0 15.0^
 Long term residential treatment—drug treatment in the past 90 days 3.6 2.7 7.4 0.0 0.0 5.0
 Regular 12-step attendance—drug treatment in the past 90 days 1.8 0.0 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syringe services program       
 Have you been to the needle exchange in the past 90 days? 44.6 27.0^ 48.1 41.2 41.4 15.0^
  1. ^ p < .10; *p < .05