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Table 2 Exercise and PIED use patterns pre-lockdown and during lockdown

From: Investigating the impact of COVID-19 on performance and image enhancing drug use

Variable Sample Blast Cruise OR [t] 95% CI p value
  (N = 60) No (n = 17) Yes (n = 43)    
Pre-lockdown (%; n)
 Weight-training 98.3; 59 100 95.4 1.4 1.2,1.7 n.s
 Train at a gym 95.0; 57 88.2 95.4 5.6 0.5,6.3 n.s
 Home gym 25; 15 5.9 32.6 7.7 0.9,64.3 0.001
 Train by self 91.7; 55 100 88.4 1.4 1.2,1.7 n.s
During lockdown (%; n)
 Weight-training 83.3; 50 88.2 88.4 1.4 1.3,2.4 n.s
 Train at a gym 88.9; 32 100 85.7 1.3 1.1,1.6 n.s
 Home gym 35; 21 29.4 37.3 1.4 0.4,4.8 n.s
 Train by self 80.6; 29 100 75.0 1.4 1.1,1.7 n.s
PIED use during lockdown (%; n)
 PIEDs use changed 45.0; 27 23.5 34.9 1.7 0.5,6.3 n.s
 Change due to access issues 60.0; 36 58.8 60.5 1.1 0.3,3.6 n.s
 PIEDs precautions (e.g. more swabbing) 40.0; 24 52.9 34.9 0.5 0.2,1.5 n.s
 PIEDs Cessation 16.7; 10 70.6 30.2 0.2 0.1,0.6 0.002
 If ceased, used post-cycle therapy 13.3; 8 11.8 4.7 2.6 0.2,7.7 n.s
 If ceased, had negative health effects 5.0; 3 11.8 2.3 8.5 1.5,6.2 0.003
 Issues in accessing harm reduction 46.7; 28 52.9 44.2 0.7 0.2,2.2 n.s
 Acquisition of PIEDs online 51.7; 31 41.2 55.8 1.8 0.6,5.6 n.s
  1. Specific p values available from authors on request