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Table 2 Norms and attitudes influencing discretionary drug enforcement (4 ranked choices) (N = 259)

From: Police discretion in encounters with people who use drugs: operationalizing the theory of planned behavior

Rank Factor Mean position (SD) 95% Confidence interval
a. Normative values at work in making a discretionary arrest
1 Seriousness of the offense 1.38 (0.70) 1.30–1.47
2 If effective alternatives exist 2.65 (0.97) 2.53–2.77
3 The need for there to be consequences 2.97 (0.82) 2.87–3.07
4 Arrests should be made when laws are broken 3.00 (1.08) 2.86–3.13
b. Influence of the expectations of others in making a discretionary arrest
1 Expectations of supervisor(s) 1.90 (0.82) 1.80–2.00
2 Expectations of colleagues/peers 2.61 (0.95) 2.50–2.73
3 Expectations of friends/family 2.69 (0.98) 2.54–2.84
4 Expectations of community 2.80 (1.18) 2.65–2.94
c. Influence of situational factors in making a discretionary arrest
1 Attitude of the suspect 1.63 (0.71) 1.54–1.72
2 Personal sense of right and wrong 2.04 (1.02) 1.91–2.16
3 Suspect hasn’t learned their lesson yet 2.72 (0.84) 2.62–2.82
4 Personal factors (overtime/work schedule) 3.69 (0.69) 3.53–3.70