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Table 1 Differences in likeability (including sub-scales) of lager and volume of lager consumed between conditions

From: Nucleation increases the visual appeal of lager but does not alter overall likeability or drinking rate

  Full sample (n = 116) Outliers excluded (n = 114)
MD 95% CI p value MD 95% CI p-value
Total (likeability) score 0.7 − 2.4, 3.9 0.64 0.7 − 2.4, 3.8 0.66
Likeability sub-scales       
Visual appeal 9.3 5.0, 13.6  < 0.001 10.2 6.1, 14.2  < 0.001
Enjoyment 2.1 − 2.0, 6.2 0.31 2.2 − 2.0, 6.4 0.29
Refreshment 3.3 − 0.6, 7.2 0.10 3.4 − 0.6, 7.4 0.09
Tastiness 0.3 − 4.1, 4.7 0.88 0.4 − 4.1, 4.9 0.87
Likelihood to buy − 0.1 − 4.9, 4.7 0.96 − 0.1 − 4.9, 4.8 0.98
Other items       
Bubbly/gassy 13.9 8.9, 18.9  < 0.001 14.1 9.0, 19.1  < 0.001
Volume consumed (ml) 0.4 − 9.5, 10.4 0.93 0.7 − 9.4, 10.7 0.90
  1. CI confidence interval, MD mean difference