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Table 1 Characteristics of SSPs that participated in qualitative interviews, 2021 (N = 27)

From: Responding to a surge in overdose deaths: perspectives from US syringe services programs

  n %
Geographic region
Northeast
Midwest
South
West
US Territories
8
9
5
4
1
30%
33%
19%
15%
4%
Urbanicity/rurality
Urban
Rural
20
7
74%
26%
SSP type
Health department-operated
Nonprofit/community-based organization
4
23
15%
85%
Current syringe distribution modela
One-for-one
Needs-based
Other
2
16
9
7%
59%
33%
Current distribution approach(es)b
Fixed site
Mobile delivery
Secondary exchange
Other
20
21
18
4
74%
78%
67%
15%
Number of sites operated
1
2–3
4–9
10 + 
13
8
3
3
48%
30%
11%
11%
  Median Range
Estimated syringes distributed annuallyc 300,000 10,000–5,800,000
  1. a“One-for-one” refers to distributing one syringe for every syringe returned; “needs-based” refers to distributing syringes without restrictions/requirements related to returning used syringes
  2. bSSPs could report using more than one distribution approach
  3. cMissing one program that was unable to respond to this question