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  1. Content type: Research

    Drug-induced and drug-related deaths have been increasing for the past decade throughout the US. In NYC, drug overdose accounts for nearly 900 deaths per year, a figure that exceeds the number of deaths each y...

    Authors: Nancy Worthington, Tinka Markham Piper, Sandro Galea and David Rosenthal

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:19

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  2. Content type: Research

    Analyses were performed on brain MRI scans from individuals who were frequent cannabis users (N = 10; 9 males, 1 female, mean age 21.1 ± 2.9, range: 18–27) in adolescence and similar age and sex matched young ...

    Authors: Lynn E DeLisi, Hilary C Bertisch, Kamila U Szulc, Magda Majcher, Kyle Brown, Arthika Bappal and Babak A Ardekani

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:17

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  3. Content type: Research

    Anti-harm-reduction advocates sometimes resort to pseudo-analogies to ridicule harm reduction. Those opposed to the use of smokeless tobacco as an alternative to smoking sometimes suggest that the substitution...

    Authors: Carl V Phillips, Brian Guenzel and Paul Bergen

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:15

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  4. Content type: Review

    This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sourc...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Sara Bennett, Carolyn Coggan, Amanda Wheeler and Karen McMillan

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:14

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  5. Content type: Research

    Circumstances surrounding injection initiation have not been well addressed in many developing country contexts. This study aimed to identify demographic factors, sexual behaviors and drug use characteristics ...

    Authors: Yingkai Cheng, Susan G Sherman, Namtip Srirat, Tasanai Vongchak, Surinda Kawichai, Jaroon Jittiwutikarn, Vinai Suriyanon, Myat Htoo Razak, Teerada Sripaipan and David D Celentano

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:10

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  6. Content type: Research

    Recent reports have suggested that Aboriginal and American Indian people are at elevated risk of HIV infection. We undertook the present study to compare socio-demographic and risk variables between Aboriginal...

    Authors: Cari L Miller, Steffanie A Strathdee, Patricia M Spittal, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Martin T Schechter and Evan Wood

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:9

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  7. Content type: Research

    We sought to assess injection practices, means of acquiring and disposing of syringes, and utilization and knowledge of harm reduction resources among injection drug users (IDUs) entering methadone maintenance...

    Authors: Jennifer McNeely, Julia H Arnsten and Marc N Gourevitch

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:8

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  8. Content type: Case Report

    Second Generation sub-population HIV Surveillance was undertaken in Kashgar City and Shache County, Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China between December 2003 and January 2004, targeting injecting and mixed met...

    Authors: Ni Mingjian, KM Wheeler, J Cheng, Dong Yonghai, W Chen, C Fitzwarryne and J Wang

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:7

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  9. Content type: Research

    The growing trends in opioid abuse, assessment of the abuse liability of prescription opioid products, and growing efforts by the pharmaceutical industry to develop 'abuse-resistant' formulations highlight a n...

    Authors: Stephen F Butler, Christine Benoit, Simon H Budman, Kathrine C Fernandez, Cynthia McCormick, Synne Wing Venuti and Nathaniel Katz

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:5

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  10. Content type: Review

    Illicit drug abuse and HIV/AIDS have increased rapidly in the past 10 to 20 years in China. This paper reviews drug abuse in China, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its association with injection drug use (IDU), and ...

    Authors: Han-Zhu Qian, Joseph E Schumacher, Huey T Chen and Yu-Hua Ruan

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:4

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  11. Content type: Research

    There is growing evidence of the public health and community harms associated with crack cocaine smoking, particularly the risk of blood-borne transmission through non-parenteral routes. In response, community...

    Authors: Kate Shannon, Tomiye Ishida, Robert Morgan, Arthur Bear, Megan Oleson, Thomas Kerr and Mark W Tyndall

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:1

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  12. Content type: Research

    In general the health of methadone clients has been found to be poorer than that of the general population. In New Zealand specialist drug services are not funded to provide primary healthcare services. Many h...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Amanda Wheeler and Carina Walters

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:25

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  13. Content type: Brief report

    Recent studies have indicated that injection-related infections such as abscesses and cellulitis account for the majority of emergency room visits and acute hospitalizations accrued by local injection drug use...

    Authors: Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Thomas Kerr, Robert S Hogg, Kathy Li, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:24

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  14. Content type: Review

    More people are using the cannabis plant as modern basic and clinical science reaffirms and extends its medicinal uses. Concomitantly, concern and opposition to smoked medicine has occurred, in part due to the...

    Authors: Robert Melamede

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:21

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  15. Content type: Brief report

    HIV infection rates have reached epidemic proportions amongst injecting drug users (IDUs) in Iran. Although a number of community-based interventions have being implemented in the country, there is little info...

    Authors: Mohsen Vazirian, Bijan Nassirimanesh, Saman Zamani, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Mohammad Mehdi Gouya

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:19

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  16. Content type: Research

    The New South Wales State Government recently proposed a trial of the medical use of cannabis. Australians who currently use cannabis medicinally do so illegally and without assurances of quality control. Give...

    Authors: Wendy Swift, Peter Gates and Paul Dillon

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:18

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  17. Content type: Review

    This article examines harm reduction from a novel perspective. Its central thesis is that harm reduction is not only a social concept, but also a biological one. More specifically, evolution does not make mora...

    Authors: Robert Melamede

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:17

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  18. Content type: Research

    New and explosive HIV epidemics are being witnessed in certain countries of Eastern Europe, including Ukraine, as well as a rapid and dramatic increase in the supply, use, and negative public health consequenc...

    Authors: Katerina Barcal, Joseph E Schumacher, Kostyantyn Dumchev and Larisa Vasiliyevna Moroz

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:16

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  19. Content type: Commentary

    Opium has been cultivated in Afghanistan since 1100 A.D., although production has steadily increased since 1979. Currently, Afghanistan produces three-quarters of the global opium supply, with injection drug u...

    Authors: Catherine S Todd, Naqibullah Safi and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:13

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:20

  20. Content type: Research

    New Zealand has been offering needle exchange services since 1987. Over 170 community pharmacies are involved in the provision of this service. However, no recent detailed review of New Zealand's pharmacy-base...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Charles Henderson, Nicola Greenhill and Andrew Smith

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:10

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  21. Content type: Research

    This paper examines the differences in demographics, drug use patterns and self reported risk behaviours between regular injecting drug users (IDU) who report engaging in sex work for money or drugs and regula...

    Authors: Amanda Roxburgh, Louisa Degenhardt and Courtney Breen

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:7

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  22. Content type: Editorial

    Beginning two years ago, the US Dept of Health and Human Services began "special reviews" of all current research grants that involved harm reduction, sex and drugs, and continues its ban on funding of needle ...

    Authors: Ernest Drucker

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:3

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  23. Content type: Research

    This article reports the first national assessment of patterns of drinking and gambling-related rulemaking on college campuses (e.g., punitive versus recovery oriented). Analyses relating school policies to kn...

    Authors: Howard J Shaffer, Anthony N Donato, Richard A LaBrie, Rachel C Kidman and Debi A LaPlante

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:1

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  24. Content type: Research

    The People Awakening Project (1RO1 AA 11446-03) had two purposes, completed in Phase I and Phase II of the project. The purpose of Phase I was to complete a qualitative study; the research objective was discov...

    Authors: Gerald V Mohatt, S Michelle Rasmus, Lisa Thomas, James Allen, Kelly Hazel and Chase Hensel

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2004 1:10

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  25. Content type: Methodology

    Many Canadian cities are experiencing ongoing infectious disease and overdose epidemics among injection drug users (IDUs). In particular, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis C Virus (HCV) have bec...

    Authors: Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Chris Buchner, David C Marsh, Julio SG Montaner and Mark W Tyndall

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2004 1:9

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