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  1. Very little is known about female injecting drug users (IDU) in Bangladesh but anecdotal evidence suggests that they are hidden and very vulnerable to HIV through both their injection sharing and sexual risk b...

    Authors: Tasnim Azim, Ezazul I Chowdhury, Masud Reza, Munir Ahmed, Mohammed T Uddin, Repon Khan, Giasuddin Ahmed, Motiur Rahman, Irona Khandakar, Sharful I Khan, David A Sack and Steffanie A Strathdee
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:33
  2. Aboriginal injection drug users are the fastest growing group of new Human Immunodeficiency Virus cases in Canada. However, there remains a lack of comprehensive harm reduction services available to First Nati...

    Authors: Dennis Wardman and Darryl Quantz
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:30
  3. Despite the leveling off in new HIV infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco, new evidence suggests that many recent HIV infections are linked with the use of Methamphetamine (MA). Amo...

    Authors: Valerie J Rose, H Fisher Raymond, Timothy A Kellogg and Willi McFarland
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:29
  4. Whilst unsupervised injectable methadone and diamorphine treatment has been part of the British treatment system for decades, the numbers receiving injectable opioid treatment (IOT) has been steadily diminishi...

    Authors: Nicholas Lintzeris, John Strang, Nicola Metrebian, Sarah Byford, Christopher Hallam, Sally Lee and Deborah Zador
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:28
  5. Hepatitis C (HCV) prevalence is most common amongst injecting drug users where up to 98% of the population can be infected despite a low prevalence of HIV. This review considers the evidence for the effectiven...

    Authors: Nat MJ Wright and Charlotte NE Tompkins
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:27
  6. InSite is North Americas first supervised injection site and a landmark public heath initiative operating in Vancouver since 2003. The program is a vital component of that cities internationally recognized har...

    Authors: Ernest Drucker
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:24
  7. Case studies provide rich descriptions of significant vignettes that highlight atypical systemic or clinical problems and identify potentially important research questions. The case study presented by Venters,...

    Authors: Dan Small
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:23
  8. Drug-induced and drug-related deaths have been increasing for the past decade throughout the US. In NYC, drug overdose accounts for nearly 900 deaths per year, a figure that exceeds the number of deaths each y...

    Authors: Nancy Worthington, Tinka Markham Piper, Sandro Galea and David Rosenthal
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:19
  9. Analyses were performed on brain MRI scans from individuals who were frequent cannabis users (N = 10; 9 males, 1 female, mean age 21.1 ± 2.9, range: 18–27) in adolescence and similar age and sex matched young ...

    Authors: Lynn E DeLisi, Hilary C Bertisch, Kamila U Szulc, Magda Majcher, Kyle Brown, Arthika Bappal and Babak A Ardekani
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:17
  10. Anti-harm-reduction advocates sometimes resort to pseudo-analogies to ridicule harm reduction. Those opposed to the use of smokeless tobacco as an alternative to smoking sometimes suggest that the substitution...

    Authors: Carl V Phillips, Brian Guenzel and Paul Bergen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:15
  11. This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sourc...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Sara Bennett, Carolyn Coggan, Amanda Wheeler and Karen McMillan
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:14
  12. Circumstances surrounding injection initiation have not been well addressed in many developing country contexts. This study aimed to identify demographic factors, sexual behaviors and drug use characteristics ...

    Authors: Yingkai Cheng, Susan G Sherman, Namtip Srirat, Tasanai Vongchak, Surinda Kawichai, Jaroon Jittiwutikarn, Vinai Suriyanon, Myat Htoo Razak, Teerada Sripaipan and David D Celentano
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:10
  13. Recent reports have suggested that Aboriginal and American Indian people are at elevated risk of HIV infection. We undertook the present study to compare socio-demographic and risk variables between Aboriginal...

    Authors: Cari L Miller, Steffanie A Strathdee, Patricia M Spittal, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Martin T Schechter and Evan Wood
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:9
  14. We sought to assess injection practices, means of acquiring and disposing of syringes, and utilization and knowledge of harm reduction resources among injection drug users (IDUs) entering methadone maintenance...

    Authors: Jennifer McNeely, Julia H Arnsten and Marc N Gourevitch
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:8
  15. Second Generation sub-population HIV Surveillance was undertaken in Kashgar City and Shache County, Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China between December 2003 and January 2004, targeting injecting and mixed met...

    Authors: Ni Mingjian, KM Wheeler, J Cheng, Dong Yonghai, W Chen, C Fitzwarryne and J Wang
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:7
  16. The growing trends in opioid abuse, assessment of the abuse liability of prescription opioid products, and growing efforts by the pharmaceutical industry to develop 'abuse-resistant' formulations highlight a n...

    Authors: Stephen F Butler, Christine Benoit, Simon H Budman, Kathrine C Fernandez, Cynthia McCormick, Synne Wing Venuti and Nathaniel Katz
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:5
  17. Illicit drug abuse and HIV/AIDS have increased rapidly in the past 10 to 20 years in China. This paper reviews drug abuse in China, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its association with injection drug use (IDU), and ...

    Authors: Han-Zhu Qian, Joseph E Schumacher, Huey T Chen and Yu-Hua Ruan
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:4
  18. There is growing evidence of the public health and community harms associated with crack cocaine smoking, particularly the risk of blood-borne transmission through non-parenteral routes. In response, community...

    Authors: Kate Shannon, Tomiye Ishida, Robert Morgan, Arthur Bear, Megan Oleson, Thomas Kerr and Mark W Tyndall
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:1
  19. In general the health of methadone clients has been found to be poorer than that of the general population. In New Zealand specialist drug services are not funded to provide primary healthcare services. Many h...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Amanda Wheeler and Carina Walters
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:25
  20. Recent studies have indicated that injection-related infections such as abscesses and cellulitis account for the majority of emergency room visits and acute hospitalizations accrued by local injection drug use...

    Authors: Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Thomas Kerr, Robert S Hogg, Kathy Li, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:24
  21. More people are using the cannabis plant as modern basic and clinical science reaffirms and extends its medicinal uses. Concomitantly, concern and opposition to smoked medicine has occurred, in part due to the...

    Authors: Robert Melamede
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:21
  22. HIV infection rates have reached epidemic proportions amongst injecting drug users (IDUs) in Iran. Although a number of community-based interventions have being implemented in the country, there is little info...

    Authors: Mohsen Vazirian, Bijan Nassirimanesh, Saman Zamani, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Mohammad Mehdi Gouya
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:19
  23. The New South Wales State Government recently proposed a trial of the medical use of cannabis. Australians who currently use cannabis medicinally do so illegally and without assurances of quality control. Give...

    Authors: Wendy Swift, Peter Gates and Paul Dillon
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:18
  24. This article examines harm reduction from a novel perspective. Its central thesis is that harm reduction is not only a social concept, but also a biological one. More specifically, evolution does not make mora...

    Authors: Robert Melamede
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:17
  25. New and explosive HIV epidemics are being witnessed in certain countries of Eastern Europe, including Ukraine, as well as a rapid and dramatic increase in the supply, use, and negative public health consequenc...

    Authors: Katerina Barcal, Joseph E Schumacher, Kostyantyn Dumchev and Larisa Vasiliyevna Moroz
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:16
  26. Opium has been cultivated in Afghanistan since 1100 A.D., although production has steadily increased since 1979. Currently, Afghanistan produces three-quarters of the global opium supply, with injection drug u...

    Authors: Catherine S Todd, Naqibullah Safi and Steffanie A Strathdee
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:13

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:20

  27. New Zealand has been offering needle exchange services since 1987. Over 170 community pharmacies are involved in the provision of this service. However, no recent detailed review of New Zealand's pharmacy-base...

    Authors: Janie Sheridan, Charles Henderson, Nicola Greenhill and Andrew Smith
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2005 2:10