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Table 2 Univariate analysis of current smoking and associated factors

From: Anti-smoking initiatives and current smoking among 19,643 adolescents in South Asia: findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Characteristics Female Male
OR (95 % CI) p value OR (95 % CI) p value
Age (years)
  ≤ 14 1   1  
  15–17 1.43 (0.74–2.76) 0.275 1.21 (0.81–1.78) 0.347
Family discussed about harmful effects of smoking
  Yes 1   1  
  No 1.46 (0.84–2.56) 0.176 1.39 (1.04–1.88) 0.025
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen on media
  A lot 1   1  
  A few 1.76 (0.91–3.42) 0.092 1.97 (1.42–2.74) <0.001
  None 2.99 (1.71–5.22) <0.001 1.24 (0.88–1.76) 0.210
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen at social gatherings/events
  A lot 1 1 1  
  Sometimes 1.80 (1.00–3.23) 0.047 0.89 (0.66–1.20) 0.470
  Never 0.71 (0.35–1.45) 0.357 0.53 (0.35–0.80) 0.002
  I never go 0.43 (0.13–1.39) 0.159 0.44 (0.29–0.66) <0.001
Taught dangers of smoking at school
  Yes 1   1  
  No 1.94 (1.01–3.72) 0.045 1.77 (1.30–2.40) <0.001
  Not sure 1.52 (0.62–3.76) 0.355 1.63 (1.10–2.42) 0.013
Discussed at school about why people of the respondent's age smoke
  Yes 1   1  
  No 0.81 (0.40–1.62) 0.559 0.81 (0.62–1.06) 0.134
  Not sure 1.11 (0.57–2.13) 0.755 0.94 (0.67–1.33) 0.748
When was last discussed about smoking and health as part of a lesson
  This term 1   1 1
  Previous terms 1.88 (1.15–3.07) 0.011 1.66 (1.20–2.30) 0.002
  Never 0.72 (0.41–1.29) 0.280 0.81 (0.58–1.12) 0.202
  1. OR odds ratio (unadjusted).