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  1. Short report

    Public attitudes towards gambling product harm and harm reduction strategies: an online study of 16–88 year olds in Victoria, Australia

    Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organi...

    Samantha L. Thomas, Melanie Randle, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Steven J. Bowe, Sean Cowlishaw and Mike Daube

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:49

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  2. Review

    Opium trade and the spread of HIV in the Golden Crescent

    The Golden Crescent region of South Asia—comprising Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan—is a principal global site for opium production and distribution. Over the past few decades, war, terrorism, and a shifting p...

    Syeda Ayesha Farooq, Mohammad Hafiz Rasooly, Syed Hani Abidi, Kayvon Modjarrad and Syed Ali

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:47

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  3. Research

    Information sought, information shared: exploring performance and image enhancing drug user-facilitated harm reduction information in online forums

    There is good evidence to suggest that performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use is increasing in Australia and that there is an increase in those using PIEDs who have never used another illicit substanc...

    Boden Tighe, Matthew Dunn, Fiona H. McKay and Timothy Piatkowski

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:48

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  4. Research

    “Just not all ice users do that”: investigating perceptions and potential harms of Australia’s Ice Destroys Lives campaign in two studies

    In 2015, the Australian government launched the media campaign Ice Destroys Lives targeting crystal methamphetamine use. Previous research indicates mass media campaigns may have harmful effects for people engage...

    Caitlin H. Douglass, Elizabeth C. Early, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Anna Palmer, Peter Higgs, Brendan Quinn, Paul M. Dietze and Megan S. C. Lim

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:45

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  5. Research

    Acceptability and design preferences of supervised injection services among people who inject drugs in a mid-sized Canadian City

    Supervised injection services (SIS) have been shown to reduce the public- and individual-level harms associated with injection drug use. While SIS feasibility research has been conducted in large urban centres...

    Sanjana Mitra, Beth Rachlis, Ayden Scheim, Geoff Bardwell, Sean B. Rourke and Thomas Kerr

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:46

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  6. Review

    Hepatitis C bio-behavioural surveys in people who inject drugs—a systematic review of sensitivity to the theoretical assumptions of respondent driven sampling

    New, more effective and better-tolerated therapies for hepatitis C (HCV) have made the elimination of HCV a feasible objective. However, for this to be achieved, it is necessary to have a detailed understandin...

    Ryan Buchanan, Salim I. Khakoo, Jonathan Coad, Leonie Grellier and Julie Parkes

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:44

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  7. Research

    A qualitative assessment of an abstinence-oriented therapeutic community for prisoners with substance use disorders in Kyrgyzstan

    Kyrgyzstan, where HIV is concentrated in prisons and driven by injection drug use, provides a prison-based methadone maintenance therapy program as well as abstinence-oriented therapeutic community based on th...

    Lyuba Azbel, Julia Rozanova, Ingo Michels, Frederick L. Altice and Heino Stöver

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:43

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  8. Erratum

    Erratum to: A cohort study examining emergency department visits and hospital admissions among people who use drugs in Ottawa, Canada

    Claire E. Kendall, Lisa M. Boucher, Amy E. Mark, Alana Martin, Zack Marshall, Rob Boyd, Pam Oickle, Nicola Diliso, Dave Pineau, Brad Renaud, Tiffany Rose, Sean LeBlanc, Mark Tyndall, Olivia M. Lee and Ahmed M. Bayoumi

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:42

    Published on: 3 July 2017

    The original article was published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:16

  9. Research

    An analysis of respondent-driven sampling with injecting drug users in a high HIV prevalent state of India

    Personal networks are significant social spaces to spread of HIV or other blood-borne infections among hard-to-reach population, viz., injecting drug users, female sex workers, etc. Sharing of infected needles...

    Sanjib Kumar Phukan, Gajendra Kumar Medhi, Jagadish Mahanta, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Gay Thongamba, Ramesh S. Paranjape and Brogen S. Akoijam

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:41

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  10. Research

    Awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among women who inject drugs in NYC: the importance of networks and syringe exchange programs for HIV prevention

    Women who inject drugs (WWID) are at heightened risk for HIV due to biological, behavioral, and structural factors. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could aid in HIV prevention for WWID. However, little is know...

    Suzan M. Walters, Kathleen H. Reilly, Alan Neaigus and Sarah Braunstein

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:40

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  11. Research

    How understanding and application of drug-related legal instruments affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia: a qualitative study

    Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to ex...

    Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub and Siyan Yi

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:39

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  12. Research

    Service utilization and cost of implementing a comprehensive HIV prevention and care program among people who inject drugs in Delhi, India

    WHO, UNODC, and UNAIDS recommend a comprehensive package for prevention, treatment, and care of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). We describe the uptake of services and the cost of implementing a compr...

    Mary Philip Sebastian, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior and Avina Sarna

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:38

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  13. Research

    Naloxone and the Inner City Youth Experience (NICYE): a community-based participatory research study examining young people’s perceptions of the BC take home naloxone program

    Take home naloxone (THN) programs reduce mortality by training bystanders to respond to opioid overdoses. Clinical observation by the health care team at the Inner City Youth (ICY) program indicated that young...

    Keren Mitchell, S. Elise Durante, Katrina Pellatt, Chris G. Richardson, Steve Mathias and Jane A. Buxton

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:34

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  14. Research

    Using a programmatic mapping approach to plan for HIV prevention and harm reduction interventions for people who inject drugs in three South African cities

    Stigma, criminalisation and a lack of data on drug use contribute to the “invisibility” of people who inject drugs (PWID) and make HIV prevention and treatment service delivery challenging. We aimed to confirm...

    Andrew Scheibe, Shaun Shelly, Andrew Lambert, Andrea Schneider, Rudolf Basson, Nelson Medeiros, Kalvanya Padayachee, Helen Savva and Harry Hausler

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:35

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  15. Commentary

    Harm reduction in hospitals

    Malika Sharma, Wiplove Lamba, Alexander Cauderella, Timothy H. Guimond and Ahmed M. Bayoumi

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:32

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  16. Research

    “Until people start dying in droves, no actions will be taken”: perception and experience of HIV-preventive measures among people who inject drugs in northwestern Russia

    The HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Russia continues to spread. This exploratory study examines how HIV-prevention measures are perceived and experienced by PWID in the northwestern region...

    Peter Meylakhs, Aadne Aasland and Arne Grønningsæter

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:33

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  17. Research

    Social-structural factors influencing periods of injection cessation among marginalized youth who inject drugs in Vancouver, Canada: an ethno-epidemiological study

    Injection drug use is associated with HIV and hepatitis C transmission, overdose, and other preventable harms. These harms are heightened for structurally vulnerable injection drug-using populations, as their ...

    Jade Boyd, Danya Fast, Megan Hobbins, Ryan McNeil and Will Small

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:31

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  18. Research

    Access to healthcare insurance and healthcare services among syringe exchange program clients in Massachusetts: qualitative findings from health navigators with the iDU (“I do”) Care Collaborative

    Little is known about access to health insurance among people who inject drugs (PWID) who attend syringe exchange programs (SEPs). The goal of the current study was to assess perceptions of SEP staff, includin...

    Thomas J. Stopka, Marguerite Hutcheson and Ashley Donahue

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:26

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  19. Review

    Supervised injection facilities in Canada: past, present, and future

    Canada has long contended with harms arising from injection drug use. In response to epidemics of HIV infection and overdose in Vancouver in the mid-1990s, a range of actors advocated for the creation of super...

    Thomas Kerr, Sanjana Mitra, Mary Clare Kennedy and Ryan McNeil

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:28

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  20. Research

    Telling our stories: heroin-assisted treatment and SNAP activism in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver

    This article highlights the experiences of a peer-run group, SALOME/NAOMI Association of Patients (SNAP), that meets weekly in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. SNAP is a unique ind...

    Susan Boyd, Dave Murray and Donald MacPherson

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:27

    Published on: 18 May 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:36

  21. Research

    Needle exchange programs for the prevention of hepatitis C virus infection in people who inject drugs: a systematic review with meta-analysis

    Previous research on the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (NEP) in preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) has shown mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to use t...

    Stephen M. Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L. Kristjansson, George A. Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov and Melanie Fisher

    Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:25

    Published on: 17 May 2017

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