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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of current smoking and associated factors

From: Anti-smoking initiatives and current smoking among 19,643 adolescents in South Asia: findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Characteristics Female Male
OR (95 % CI)a p value OR (95 % CI)a p value
Age (years)
  ≤ 14 1   1  
  15–17 1.52 (0.85–2.71) 0.149 1.33 (0.91–1.94) 0.130
Family discussed about harmful effects of smoking
  Yes 1   1  
  No 1.56 (0.84–2.89) 0.152 1.37 (1.04–1.80) 0.025
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen on media
  A lot 1   1  
  A few 1.45 (0.75–2.79) 0.266 1.86 (1.31–2.64) <0.001
  None 2.89 (1.58–5.28) <0.001 1.32 (0.91–1.88) 0.134
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen at social gatherings
  A lot 1   1  
  Sometimes 1.34 (0.67–2.66) 0.401 0.78 (0.56–1.09) 0.151
  Never 0.42 (0.19–0.91) 0.028 0.45 (0.27–0.72) 0.001
  I never go 0.27 (0.07–0.97) 0.044 0.42 (0.27–0.62) <0.001
Taught dangers of smoking at school
  Yes 1   1  
  No 2.00 (0.95–4.21) 0.066 1.89 (1.44–2.48) <0.001
  Not sure 1.07 (0.39–2.91) 0.895 1.65 (1.08–2.52) 0.020
When was last discussed about smoking and health as part of a lesson  
  This term 1   1  
  Previous terms 1.41 (0.87–2.26) 0.156 1.66 (1.23–2.26) 0.001
  Never 0.50 (0.27–0.93) 0.028 0.74 (0.54–1.01) 0.063
  1. aMultivariate models adjusted for age, family discussed about harmful effects of smoking, anti-smoking messages seen on media, anti-smoking messages seen at social gatherings, taught dangers of smoking at school, and discussion about smoking and health as part of a lesson. OR odds ratio (adjusted), CI confidence interval.