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Table 3 Mortality rates and cox regression analyses of mortality among young (≤29 years) injection drug users (N = 572) in Vancouver between 1996 and 2006.

From: Factors associated with premature mortality among young injection drug users in Vancouver

Characteristic No. of Deaths Mortality Rate per 100,000 Person Years Unadjusted Hazard Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Hazard Ratio (95% CI)
Older than 24 yrs.     
Yes
No
13
9
1,679
1,213
1.41 [0.60–3.30]  
Female     
Yes
No
14
8
1,645
1,057
1.77 [0.74–4.22]  
Aboriginal     
Yes
No
7
15
1,282
1,412
1.07 [0.44–2.62]  
HIV     
Yes
No
13
9
3,137
1,035
4.55 [1.92–10.80] 4.01 [1.67–9.56]
HCV     
Yes
No
15
7
1,689
959
0.96 [0.37–2.51]  
Homelessness     
Yes
No
5
17
1,220
1,412
1.19 [0.44–3.25]  
Sex Work     
Yes
No
16
6
2,159
692
2.76 [1.16–6.56] 1.97 [0.80–4.84]
Sexual Abuse     
Yes
No
12
10
1,829
1,050
1.66 [0.72–3.84]  
≥1 per day Heroin     
Yes
No
10
12
1,389
1,351
0.84 [0.35–1.97]  
≥1 per day Cocaine     
Yes
No
8
14
1,501
1,302
1.40 [0.58–3.37]  
≥1 per day Crack     
Yes
No
5
17
2,959
1,181
2.41 [1.00–5.81] 1.94 [0.79–4.80]