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Table 1 Socio-demographic, injection use and STI/HIV/AIDS behaviors and knowledge of IDUs in Karachi, Pakistan.

From: High risk behaviors of injection drug users registered with harm reduction programme in Karachi, Pakistan

Characteristic Results N = 161 (%)
Average age 35.9 years (18–63)
Province of birth
   Sindh 98 (60.9)
   Punjab 40 (24.8)
   NWFP 14 (8.7)
   Balochistan 7 (4.3)
   Outside Pakistan (Afghanistan) 2 (1.2)
Religion
   Muslim 151 (95)
   Christian 7 (4.4)
   Hindu 3 (1.8)
Education
   No formal education 111 (68.9)
   Education received 47 (29.1) for 7.9 years
   Pursuing studies 2 (1.2)
Married
   Yes 119 (73.3)1
   No 42 (26.1)
Spending the night (last month)
   At home 30 (18.6)
   On streets 131 (81.3)2
Average monthly income Rs. 3512 (US$ 61.6)
Daily spending on addiction Rs. 102 (US$ 1.7)
Common types of drugs used in injection (last month)
   Heroin (White stuff) 157 (97.5)
   Diazepam or Lorazepam 70 (43.7)
   Meclizine or Promethazine 28 (17.3)
   Pheniramine 61 (37.8)
Addict in near relatives (parents, siblings)
   Yes 30 (18.6)
   No 131 (81.3)
Average age of initiation of drugs
   Age of initiation of drugs 15.9 years
   Average time initiation of injection 4.4 years
Injection drug use (last month)
   Average number of drug injections per day 2.3 {range 1–9 injections)
   Previous day's injection with a new syringe 153 (95)
   Shooting drugs in group sharing syringes 128 (79.5)
   Using anyone else's used syringe one to two times in last 30 days 13 (8)
Paid for sex (last month)
   Female 76 (47.2)
   Male/Transvestite 3 (1.8)
   Boy 15 (9.3)
Condom use (last month)
   Never used 104 (64.5)
   Sometimes 15 (9.3)
Sexually transmitted disease symptoms (ever)
   Urethral discharge 14 (8.6)
   Genital ulcers 7 (4.3)
HIV/AIDS knowledge
   Heard about HIV/AIDS 149 (92.5)
   Transmitted through sharing syringes 116 (72)
   Transmitted through unsafe sex 116 (72)
   Transmitted through unscreened blood transfusion 17 (10.5)
Commercial sale of blood (ever)
   Commercially sold blood 44 (28%)
   Average time elapsed between interview and last donation 9.2 months
  1. 1 Average number of years of marriage 17.4 years
  2. 2Average time of living on streets: 7.9 years