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Table 1 Factors associated with HIV seropositive status among a cohort of homeless and street-involved youth (n = 529)

From: High prevalence of HIV infection among homeless and street-involved Aboriginal youth in a Canadian setting

Characteristic HIV Positive
n (%)
n = 15
HIV Negative
n (%)
n = 514
Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p-value
Age     
   < 22 2 (13.3) 265 (51.6) 0.14 (0.03 – 0.65) 0.003
   ≥ 22 13 (86.7) 249 (48.4)   
Sex     
   Female 5 (33.3) 153 (29.8) 1.18 (0.40 – 3.51) 0.778
   Male 10 (66.7) 361 (70.2)   
Aboriginal Ethnicity     
   Yes 7 (46.7) 120 (23.3) 2.87 (1.02 – 8.09) 0.037
   No 8 (53.3) 394 (76.7)   
DTES Residency     
   Yes 4 (26.7) 139 (27.0) 0.98 (0.31 – 3.13) 1.000
   No 11 (73.3) 375 (73.0)   
Homeless     
   Yes 11 (73.3) 393 (76.5) 0.85 (0.26 – 2.71) 0.761
   No 4 (26.7) 121 (23.5)   
Injection Drug Use     
   Yes 8 (53.3) 151 (29.4) 2.75 (0.98 – 7.73) 0.046
   No 7 (46.7) 363 (70.6)   
Syringe Sharing     
   Yes 3 (20.0) 45 (8.8) 2.59 (0.70 – 9.56) 0.148
   No 12 (80.0) 467 (91.2)   
Incarceration     
   Yes 11 (73.3) 382 (74.3) 0.95 (0.30 – 3.04) 1.000
   No 4 (26.7) 132 (25.7)   
Sex Work     
   Yes 8 (53.3) 107 (20.8) 4.35 (1.54 – 12.26) 0.003
   No 7 (46.7) 407 (79.2)   
Sexual Abuse     
   Yes 6 (42.9) 132 (26.0) 2.13 (0.73 – 6.23) 0.271
   No 8 (57.1) 375 (74.0)   
MSM     
   Yes 2 (13.3) 33 (6.4) 2.24 (0.49 – 10.36) 0.261
   No 13 (86.7) 481 (93.6)   
Anal Intercourse     
   Yes 5 (33.3) 149 (29.0) 1.22 (0.41 – 3.64) 0.774
   No 10 (66.7) 365 (71.0)   
Condom Use*     
   Inconsistent 4 (57.1) 284 (69.6) 0.58 (0.13 – 2.65) 0.442
   Consistent 3 (42.9) 124 (30.4)   
  1. Note: † – refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ – refers to lifetime history; * – among sexually active participants