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Table 1 Descriptive statistics. Continuous variables are presented as means (M) and standard deviations (SD). Categorical variables are presented as frequencies (n) and relational proportions (%)

From: Problem gambling and psychological distress: a cross-national perspective on the mediating effect of consumer debt and debt problems among emerging adults

  Study 1 (n = 985) Study 2 (n = 205) Study 3 (n = 883)
Finland nationwide Finland social media US nationwide
Continuous variables Range M SD α Range M SD α Range M SD α
 Psychological distress 0–36 14.43 6.35 0.88 0–36 15.62 7.14 0.92 0–36 14.53 6.99 0.88
 Problem gambling (SOGS) 0–20 1.67 2.59 0.89 0–20 2.13 3.25 0.84 0–20 1.51 2.77 0.90
 Problem gambling (SOGS-M) 0–10 1.52 2.10 0.82 0–10 1.84 2.37 0.86 0–10 1.25 2.04 0.83
 Age 18–25 22.19 2.19 18–29 24.36 2.89 18–25 21.54 2.36
Categorical variables Coding % n   Coding % n   Coding % n  
 Gender Male 49.24 485   Male 45.37 93   Male 49.83 440  
Female 50.76 500   Female 54.63 112   Female 50.17 443  
 Consumer debt No 85.58 843   No 72.68 149   No 87.43 772  
Yes 14.42 142   Yes 27.32 56   Yes 12.57 111  
 Debt problems No 94.72 933   No 90.24 185   No 68.97 609  
Yes 5.28 52   Yes 9.76 20   Yes 31.03 274