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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Barriers to using new needles encountered by rural Appalachian people who inject drugs: implications for needle exchange

Demographics All (n = 100) Health department (n = 74) LIGHT Program (n = 26) P*
Age (avg.) 37.05 37.97 34.42 .1307
% n % n %  
Gender       
 Female 43 33 44.60 10 38.46  
 Male 57 41 55.40 16 61.54 .5869
Education
 < High school 21 19 25.68 2 7.69  
 High school graduate 57 39 52.70 18 69.23  
 > High school 22 16 21.62 6 23.08 .1420
Race
 White 96 71 95.95 25 96.15  
 Black/African American 4 3 4.05 1 3.85 1.000
Hispanic
 Yes 1 1 1.35 0 0  
 No 98 72 97.30 26 100  
 Missing 1 1 1.35 0 0 1.000
Employment status
 Employed 22 15 20.27 7 26.92  
 Unemployed 42 30 40.54 12 46.15  
 Unable to work 24 20 27.03 4 15.39  
 Other (e.g., student) 12 9 12.16 3 11.54 .6539
Homeless
 Yes 40 33 44.60 7 26.92  
 No 60 41 55.40 19 73.08 .1136
Hepatitis C positive
 Yes 32 25 33.78 7 26.92  
 No 58 41 55.41 17 65.39  
 Do not know 10 8 10.81 2 7.69 .6702
Injection history
 Daily injections (median) 5 5 5 .6776
 Weekly injections (median) 30 30 31.25 .5678
 Duration injecting (years) 4 4 5.25 .0612
Barriers to new needle use
 No. of barriers (median) 5 5.5 5 .7227
 Most frequently reported barrier Fear of arrest Fear of arrest Fear of arrest  
  1. *Test for the difference between the Health Department and the LIGHT Program