Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Crude death rate (per 1000 person-years) and number of deaths from all causes and selected leading causes of death among men ages 40–79 years in NHIS 1987, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2005, and 2010a

From: Mortality among male smokers and smokeless tobacco users in the USA

  Never tobacco users Never smokers Current smokers Former smokers All
Current ST users Former ST users Never + former ST users Current ST users Never + former ST users Current ST users
Number of participants 15,540 584 526 11,551 398 16,663 842 46,104
All causes
 Rate 20.9 32.2 28.4 37.2 39.7 35.0 40.5 31.0
 Number 3476 210 139 4782 181 6670 387 15,845
Heart diseases
 Rate 4.6 7.2 9.2 7.6 9.0 8.1 10.3 6.9
 Number 760 47 45 983 41 1540 98 3514
Malignant neoplasms
 Rate 5.1 6.4 5.9 12.5 12.5 9.4 11.2 8.8
 Number 851 42 29 1613 57 1788 107 4487
Chronic lower respiratory diseases
 Rate 0.4 0.5 0.2 3.2 3.3 2.0 2.5 1.8
 Number 64 3 1 408 15 384 24 899
Cerebrovascular diseases
 Rate 1.1 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.1 1.7 2.6 1.4
 Number 176 14 9 177 5 325 25 731
Smoking-related diseasesb
 Rate 12.3 18.3 19.0 26.3 28.1 23.2 28.6 20.5
 Number 2048 119 93 3382 128 4415 273 10,458
Other causes, excluding smoking-related diseasesc
 Rate 8.5 14.0 9.4 10.7 11.6 11.8 11.9 10.5
 Number 1414 91 46 1382 53 2243 114 5343
  1. aParticipants with missing tobacco status, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, marital status or self-reported health status are excluded
  2. bSmoking-related diseases: diseases of heart, malignant neoplasms, chronic lower respiratory diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and influenza and pneumonia
  3. cOther causes included accidents, Alzheimer’s disease, nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis, and all other causes
  4. ST smokeless tobacco. The number of deaths from individual diseases do not add up to the number of deaths from all causes due to unknown cause of death among 43 men (19 age 40–59 years and 24 age 60–79 years)