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Table 2 SM-FSW characteristics by identity and behavior

From: Structural vulnerabilities and HIV risk among sexual minority female sex workers (SM-FSW) by identity and behavior in Baltimore, MD

  Total, 247 (100%) Identity Behavior
Heterosexual, 184 (%) Gay/lesbian/bi, 63 (%) p value WSMO, 226 (%) WSWM, 21 (%) p value
Socio-demographics
 Age, mean (SD) 35.7 (9.0) 36.3 (9.1) 33.8 (8.5) 0.06 35.9 (8.9) 33.0 (10.5) 0.15
 Race/ethnicity     0.16    0.02
  White 163 (66.0) 126 (68.5) 37 (58.7)   154 (68.1) 9 (42.9)  
  Black, Hispanic, others 84 (34.0) 58 (31.5) 26 (41.3) 72 (31.9) 12 (56.1)
 Relationship status     0.76    0.63
  In a relationship or married 82 (33.3) 60 (32.8) 22 (34.9)   74 (32.9) 8 (38.1)  
  Single 164 (66.7) 123 (67.2) 41 (65.1)   151 (67.1) 13 (61.9)  
 Education- less than grade 12     0.18    
  131 (53.0) 93 (50.5) 38 (60.3)   116 (51.3) 15 (71.4) 0.08
Structural vulnerability
 Homeless* 155 (62.8) 108 (58.7) 47 (74.6) 0.02 138 (61.1) 17 (81.0) 0.07
 Ever been arrested 203 (82.2) 149 (81.0) 54 (85.7) 0.40 186 (82.3) 17 (81.0) 0.88
 Food insecure 134 (54.3) 99 (53.8) 35 (55.6) 0.81 121 (53.5) 13 (61.9) 0.46
 Childhood sexual violence 80 (33.5) 56 (31.1) 24 (40.7) 0.18 71 (32.3) 9 (47.4) 0.18
 Childhood physical violence 100 (42.0) 75 (41.7) 25 (43.1) 0.85 93 (42.1) 7 (41.2) 0.94
 Lifetime physical IPV 115 (47.5) 78 (43.3) 37 (59.7) 0.03 105 (47.5) 10 (47.6) 0.99
 Lifetime sexual IPV 60 (24.3) 41 (22.3) 19 (30.2) 0.21 54 (23.9) 6 (28.6) 0.63
HIV
 HIV-positive 13 (5.3) 11 (6.0) 2 (3.2) 0.39 13 (5.8) 0 (0.0) 0.26
Substance use
 Injection drug use* 174 (70.4) 124 (67.4) 50 (79.4) 0.07 159 (70.4) 15 (71.4) 0.92
 Heroin injection* 160 (64.8) 116 (63.0) 44 (69.8) 0.33 147 (65.0) 13 (61.9) 0.77
 Speedball injection* 56 (22.8) 37 (20.2) 19 (30.2) 0.10 51 (22.7) 5 (23.8) 1.00
 Smoked crack* 206 (83.4) 153 (83.2) 53 (84.1) 0.86 189 (83.6) 17 (81.0) 0.75
 Binge drinking** 84 (34.0) 57 (31.0) 27 (42.9) 0.09 73 (32.3) 11 (52.4) 0.06
Sex work-related characteristics
 Minor (< 18 years) at sex work entry 53 (21.5) 30 (16.3) 23 (36.5) < 0.001 41 (18.1) 12 (57.1) < 0.001
 Ever had a pimp/manager 23 (9.3) 13 (7.1) 10 (15.9) 0.04 18 (8.0) 5 (23.8) 0.02
 > 5 years in sex work 128 (51.8) 93 (50.5) 35 (55.6) 0.49 114 (50.4) 14 (66.7) 0.15
  1. *Past 3 months
  2. **Past 12 months