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Table 4 Drug use initiation and evolution of products consumed, N=150

From: Migration experiences, life conditions, and drug use practices of Russian-speaking drug users who live in Paris: a mixed-method analysis from the ANRS-Coquelicot study

  %
 Countries where drugs were used   
  In home country AND in France 72.2  
  In home country AND only as substitution treatment in France 4.8  
  In France AND never in home country 19.5  
  Only abroad (neither in home country nor in France) 3.5  
 Country of first drug use   
  Home country 77.0  
  France 19.5  
  Other 3.5  
First injection
 Injection at least once in lifetime   
  No 4.5  
  Yes 95.5  
 Age of first injection (avg, 21.8 years old; SD, 6.2 years, 13–40 years old)   
  1 < 20 41.0 42.9
  2 20–24 30.3 31.7
  3 25–29 13.5 14.2
  4 30+ 10.7 11.2
  N/A (never injected) 4.5
 Context of 1st injection   
  Alone 26.0 27.2
  With assistance of third party 69.5 72.8
  N/A (never injected) 4.5
 First product injected   
  Heroin 41.7 43.6
  Cherniashka (opioid concoction) 16.9 17.7
  Morphine 10.3 10.8
  Opium 7.9 8.2
  Buprenorphine (Subutex) 6.3 6.5
  Other: morphine sulfates (Skenan, Moscontin), desomorphine, krokodil, benzodiazepines, cocaine, tranquilizers, vint 12.5 13.1
  N/A (never injected) 4.5
Evolution of products consumed since arrival in France
Injection in the last month   
  At least one injection in the last month 71.1  
  Daily injection in the last month 50.4  
  Weekly injection in the last month 30.7  
  Monthly injection in the last month 18.9  
Products consumed in home country   
  Cherniashka (opioid concoction) 46.7  
  Heroin 21.3  
  Pervitine, ephedrine, vint, jeff 14.1  
  Crystal meth 9.4  
  Desomorphine, krokodil 5.2  
  Buprenorphine (Subutex, Temgesic) 3.4  
  Opium 2.3  
  Cocaine 1.6  
  Amphetamines—speed 1.3  
  Codein, morphine 2.6  
  Other (brown sugar, pills/medication) 0.4  
Products consumed in France   
  Morphine sulfates (Skenan, Moscontin) 54.4  
  Methadone 37.8  
  Buprenorphine (Subutex, Temgesic) 33.3  
  Cocaine 24.5  
  Crack, free base 15.0  
  Amphetamines—speed 2.3  
  Heroin 2.2  
  Opium 0.4  
 Non-Adherence to harm reduction recommendations (syringe sharing)
 Syringe sharing in the last month 9.3  
 Syringe sharing since arrival in France 13.9  
 Syringe sharing in home country 49.9  
 Syringe sharing in lifetime 62.3