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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, methadone treatment, HIV test year, region, and HIV infections among PWIDs in China, 2008–2016

From: Epidemic of HIV infection among persons who inject drugs in mainland China: a series, cross-sectional study

Characteristics PWIDs (N) Proportion (%)
Total 103,619 100
Sex   
 Male 92,548 89.3
 Female 11,071 10.7
Age 35 (30–41)  
Ethnicity   
 Han 87,816 84.7
 Minority 11,573 11.2
 Missing 4230 4.1
Education   
 High school or above 11,572 11.2
 Junior high school 64,386 62.1
 Primary school or below 25,396 24.5
 Missing 2265 2.2
Marital status   
 Married 47,017 45.4
 Unmarried 43,908 42.4
 Divorced/widows 10,945 10.6
 Missing 1749 1.7
Drug types   
 Opioids 102,850 99.3
 Other types 769 0.7
Methadone treatment status   
 No 82,431 79.6
 Yes 21,188 20.4
Year   
 2008 8301 8.0
 2009 18,206 17.6
 2010 14,690 14.2
 2011 11,526 11.1
 2012 10,905 10.5
 2013 12,152 11.7
 2014 12,470 12.0
 2015 11,092 10.7
 2016 4277 4.1
Region   
 Southwest 17,318 16.7
 Northwest 5702 5.5
 South 31,293 30.2
 Northeast 1583 1.5
 Central 19,032 18.4
 North 4752 4.6
 East 23,939 23.1
HIV   
 Positive 5167 5.0
 Negative 98,452 95.0
  1. PWIDs, persons who inject drugs