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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: The impact of COVID-19 on people who inject drugs in New York City: increased risk and decreased access to services

  Overall Period Group condition
  Pre-COVID COVID Usual care Accessible care
(n = 106) (n = 60; 56.6%) (n = 46; 43.4%) (n = 52; 49.1%) (n = 54; 50.9%)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age      
 18–29 10 (9.5) 3 (5.0) 7 (15.2) 4 (7.7) 6 (11.1)
 30–39 35 (33.3) 19 (31.7) 16 (34.8) 19 (36.5) 16 (29.6)
 40–49 29 (27.4) 18 (30.0) 11 (23.9) 15 (28.8) 14 (25.9)
 > 50 32 (30.2) 20 (33.3) 12 (26.1) 14 (26.9) 18 (33.3)
Gender      
 Male 86 (81.1) 50 (83.3) 36 (78.3) 43 (82.7) 43 (79.6)
 Female 19 (17.9) 10 (16.7) 9 (19.6) 9 (17.3) 10 (18.5)
 Transgender 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9)
Race/ethnicity      
 Hispanic 66 (62.3) 39 (65.0) 27 (58.7) 35 (67.3) 31 (57.4)
 Non-Hispanic White 28 (26.4) 12 (20.0) 16 (34.8) 13 (25.0) 15 (27.8)
 Non-Hispanic Black 5 (4.7) 4 (6.7) 1 (2.2) 1 (1.9) 4 (7.4)
 Other 7 (6.6) 5 (8.3) 2 (4.3) 3 (5.8) 4 (7.4)
Homelessness      
 Lifetime 95 (89.6) 52 (86.7) 43 (93.5) 45 (86.5) 50 (92.6)
 Past 3 months 53 (50.0) 31 (51.7) 22 (47.8) 26 (50.0) 27 (50.0)
Employment status      
 Employed full time on the books 5 (4.7) 3 (5.0) 2 (4.3) 3 (5.8) 2 (3.7)
 Employed part time on the books 2 (1.9) 2 (3.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.9)
 Odd jobs, off the books 11 (10.4) 7 (11.7) 4 (8.7) 5 (9.6) 6 (11.1)
 Disabled for work 12 (11.3) 8 (13.3) 4 (8.7) 7 (13.5) 5 (9.3)
 Unemployed 74 (69.8) 39 (65.0) 35 (76.1) 35 (67.3) 39 (72.2)
 Other 2 (1.9) 1 (1.7) 1 (2.2) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.9)
Income (past 12 month)      
 $0–$10,000 62 (62.0) 35 (62.5) 27 (61.4) 30 (61.2) 32 (62.7)
 $11,000–$25,000 22 (22.0) 13 (23.2) 9 (20.5) 13 (26.5) 9 (17.6)
 $26,000 or greater 16 (16.0) 8 (14.3) 8 (18.2) 6 (12.2) 10 (19.6)
Participants completed treatment 55 (51.9%) 34 (56.7%) 21 (45.7%) 14 (26.9%) 41 (75.9%)**
  1. **p < .01