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Table 3 Participant reports of what drugs the person who overdosed thought they were taking (N = 125)

From: Real-world study of multiple naloxone administration for opioid overdose reversal among bystanders

Drug n (%)
Heroin 83 (66%)
Nonprescription fentanyl or fentanyl-like drug 37 (30%)
Opioid pills prescribed to the person who overdosed (such as OxyContin, Vicodin and Actiq) 24 (19%)
Benzodiazepines/tranquilizers (such as Xanax, Valium or Ativan) 22 (18%)
Opioid pills acquired elsewhere (such as OxyContin, Vicodin and Actiq) 17 (14%)
Cocaine or other stimulants 13 (10%)
Alcohol 9 (7%)
Marijuana 5 (4%)
Other 2 (2%)