Skip to main content

Articles

Page 13 of 15

  1. Methadone is a synthetic, narcotic analgesic used in the treatment of drug misuse. Tragedies involving children being poisoned by the accidental ingestion of methadone are no longer a rare occurrence. Followin...

    Authors: Annemarie Mullin, Rosanna J McAuley, Derrett J Watts, Ilana B Crome and Roger N Bloor

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Injection drug users (IDUs) in San Juan, Puerto Rico are characterized by high rates of daily injecting, injection of shared drugs, re-use of injection syringes, and use of shooting galleries. They lack adequa...

    Authors: HAnn Finlinson, Héctor M Colón, Juan Negrón and Rafaela R Robles

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:14

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  3. Early exit (drop-out) from drug treatment can mean that drug users do not derive the full benefits that treatment potentially offers. Additionally, it may mean that scarce treatment resources are used ineffici...

    Authors: Alex Stevens, Polly Radcliffe, Melony Sanders and Neil Hunt

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of drug-related morbidity and mortality, with incidence data implicating a wide range of HCV transmission risk practices. The Blood-Borne Virus Transmission Risk As...

    Authors: Mark A Stoové, Craig L Fry and Nicholas Lintzeris

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  5. Smoking rates in methadone-maintained patients are almost three times higher than in the general population and remain elevated and stable. Due to the various negative health effects of smoking, nicotine depen...

    Authors: Victoria Wapf, Michael Schaub, Beat Klaeusler, Lukas Boesch, Rudolf Stohler and Dominique Eich

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Swedish snus is a medium/high nicotine delivery, low-nitrosamine moist smokeless tobacco product that has been estimated to be at least 90% less harmful than smoked tobacco. More men use snus than smoke cigare...

    Authors: Jonathan Foulds and Helena Furberg

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:9

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  7. Hepatitis C is the most common blood borne virus in Australia affecting over 200 000 people. Effective treatment for hepatitis C has only become accessible in Australia since the late 1990's, although active i...

    Authors: Josephine Norman, Nick M Walsh, Janette Mugavin, Mark A Stoové, Jenny Kelsall, Kirk Austin and Nick Lintzeris

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. The United States has the highest rate of imprisonment of any country in the world. African Americans and Hispanics comprise a disproportionately large share of the prison population. We applied a "prison life...

    Authors: Robert S Hogg, Eric F Druyts, Scott Burris, Ernest Drucker and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death among injection drug users. Over half of injection drug users report at least one nonfatal overdose during their lifetime. Death from opioid overdose rarely occurs i...

    Authors: Susan G Sherman, Donald S Gann, Gregory Scott, Suzanne Carlberg, Dan Bigg and Robert Heimer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Prohibition of illegal drugs is a failed social policy and new models of regulation of these substances are needed. This paper explores a proposal for a post-prohibition, public health based model for the regu...

    Authors: Mark Haden

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:1

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  11. In 2003, it became legal in the UK for syringe exchange programmes (SEPs) to provide citrate to injecting drug users to solubilise heroin. Little work has been undertaken on the effect of policy change on SEP ...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Jim McVeigh, Martin Chandler, Michelle Wareing and Mark A Bellis

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Substance-using women who exchange sex for money, drugs or shelter as a means of basic subsistence (ie. survival sex) have remained largely at the periphery of HIV and harm reduction policies and services acro...

    Authors: Kate Shannon, Vicki Bright, Shari Allinott, Debbie Alexson, Kate Gibson and Mark W Tyndall

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:20

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  13. The north-east Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland are two of the six high HIV prevalence states in the country, and the main route of HIV transmission is injecting drug use. Understanding the pathways to in...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Verity Longleng, Bangkim Chingsubam Singh, Jane Hocking, Biangtung Langkham and Nick Crofts

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. This study aimed to investigate patterns and context of use of BZP-party pills, function of use, and positive and negative effects experienced by a sample of New Zealand young people who had used the products.

    Authors: Rachael A Butler and Janie L Sheridan

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Cannabis (marijuana) had been used for medicinal purposes for millennia. Cannabinoid agonists are now attracting growing interest and there is also evidence that botanical cannabis is being used as self-medica...

    Authors: Thomas J O'Connell and Ché B Bou-Matar

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) is among the most widely studied treatments for opiate dependence with proven benefits for patients and society. When misused, however, methadone can also be lethal. The i...

    Authors: Michael Varenbut, David Teplin, Jeff Daiter, Barak Raz, Andrew Worster, Pasha Emadi-Konjin, Nathan Frank, Alan Konyer, Iris Greenwald and Melissa Snider-Adler

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:15

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  17. Reaching hard-to-reach and high-risk injecting drug users (IDUs) is one of the most important challenges for contemporary needle syringe programs (NSPs). The aim of this review is to examine, based upon the av...

    Authors: Md Mofizul Islam and Katherine M Conigrave

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:14

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. Cannabis smoking can create respiratory problems. Vaporizers heat cannabis to release active cannabinoids, but remain cool enough to avoid the smoke and toxins associated with combustion. Vaporized cannabis sh...

    Authors: Mitch Earleywine and Sara Smucker Barnwell

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:11

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  19. Indonesia has an explosive HIV/AIDS epidemic starting from the beginning of this century, and it is in process to build its response. Reported AIDS cases doubled from 2003 – 2004, and approximately 54% of thes...

    Authors: Fabio Mesquita, Inang Winarso, Ingrid I Atmosukarto, Bambang Eka, Laura Nevendorff, Amala Rahmah, Patri Handoyo, Priscillia Anastasia and Rosi Angela

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:9

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  20. In China, the national plan to open 1000 methadone clinics over a five-year period provides a unique opportunity to assess the impacts of harm reduction in a country with concentrated HIV epidemic amongst hero...

    Authors: Ming-qiang Li, Shui-shan Lee, Zhi-gao Gan, Yi Tan, Jin-Huai Meng and Ming-liang He

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:8

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  21. Surveillance data of Sindh AIDS Control Programme, Pakistan suggest that HIV infection is rapidly increasing among IDUs in Karachi and has reached 9% in 2004–5 indicating that the country has progressed from n...

    Authors: Arshad Altaf, Sharaf Ali Shah, Najam A Zaidi, Ashraf Memon, Nadeem-ur-Rehman and Norman Wray

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. To estimate HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in a drug trafficking city in southwest Sichuan Province, China.

    Authors: Lu Yin, Guangming Qin, Han-Zhu Qian, Yu Zhu, Wei Hu, Li Zhang, Kanglin Chen, Yunxia Wang, Shizhu Liu, Feng Zhou, Hui Xing, Yuhua Ruan, Ning Wang and Yiming Shao

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. After a long and controversial debate methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) was first introduced in Germany in 1987. The number of patients in MMT – first low because of strict admission criteria – increased c...

    Authors: Ingo Ilja Michels, Heino Stöver and Ralf Gerlach

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  24. Fatal heroin overdose is a significant cause of mortality for injection drug users (IDUs). Many of these deaths are preventable because opiate overdoses can be quickly and safely reversed through the injection...

    Authors: Tinka Markham Piper, Sasha Rudenstine, Sharon Stancliff, Susan Sherman, Vijay Nandi, Allan Clear and Sandro Galea

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Although the survival benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the treatment of HIV infection are well established, the clinical management of HIV disease continues to present major challenges. There are p...

    Authors: Evan Wood, Robert S Hogg, Thomas Kerr, Simon Bonner, Steffanie A Strathdee, Anita Palepu and Julio SG Montaner

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:2

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  26. Young injection drug users (IDUs) may be at increased risk of premature mortality due to the health risks associated with injection drug use including overdoses and infections. However, there has been little r...

    Authors: Cari L Miller, Thomas Kerr, Steffanie A Strathdee, Kathy Li and Evan Wood

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. North America's first government sanctioned medically supervised injection facility (SIF) was opened during September 2003 in Vancouver, Canada. This was in response to a large open public drug scene, high rat...

    Authors: Mark W Tyndall, Evan Wood, Ruth Zhang, Calvin Lai, Julio SG Montaner and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Previous research has shown that expressive writing is beneficial in terms of both physical and emotional health outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of a brief express...

    Authors: Karen A Baikie, Kay Wilhelm, Beverley Johnson, Mary Boskovic, Lucinda Wedgwood, Adam Finch and Gail Huon

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Very little is known about female injecting drug users (IDU) in Bangladesh but anecdotal evidence suggests that they are hidden and very vulnerable to HIV through both their injection sharing and sexual risk b...

    Authors: Tasnim Azim, Ezazul I Chowdhury, Masud Reza, Munir Ahmed, Mohammed T Uddin, Repon Khan, Giasuddin Ahmed, Motiur Rahman, Irona Khandakar, Sharful I Khan, David A Sack and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Aboriginal injection drug users are the fastest growing group of new Human Immunodeficiency Virus cases in Canada. However, there remains a lack of comprehensive harm reduction services available to First Nati...

    Authors: Dennis Wardman and Darryl Quantz

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Despite the leveling off in new HIV infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco, new evidence suggests that many recent HIV infections are linked with the use of Methamphetamine (MA). Amo...

    Authors: Valerie J Rose, H Fisher Raymond, Timothy A Kellogg and Willi McFarland

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Whilst unsupervised injectable methadone and diamorphine treatment has been part of the British treatment system for decades, the numbers receiving injectable opioid treatment (IOT) has been steadily diminishi...

    Authors: Nicholas Lintzeris, John Strang, Nicola Metrebian, Sarah Byford, Christopher Hallam, Sally Lee and Deborah Zador

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:28

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  33. Hepatitis C (HCV) prevalence is most common amongst injecting drug users where up to 98% of the population can be infected despite a low prevalence of HIV. This review considers the evidence for the effectiven...

    Authors: Nat MJ Wright and Charlotte NE Tompkins

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:27

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. InSite is North Americas first supervised injection site and a landmark public heath initiative operating in Vancouver since 2003. The program is a vital component of that cities internationally recognized har...

    Authors: Ernest Drucker

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2006 3:24

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on: