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  1. In 2003 the Government of Cambodia officially began to recognise that harm reduction was an essential approach to preventing HIV among people who use drugs and their sexual partners. Several programs aiming to...

    Authors: Kannarath Chheng, Supheap Leang, Nick Thomson, Timothy Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:30
  2. The response to drug use in Laos has focused on reducing opium supply (supply reduction) and rates of drug use (demand reduction). However, recently there is increased interest among government counterparts to...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Visanou Hansana, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Vathsana Somphet, Phouthong Phommavongsa, Brigitte Tenni, Timothy Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:28
  3. The findings of our research show that while police play multiple roles in the fight against drug-related crime, they often perceived their tasks – especially preventing and controlling drug use on the one han...

    Authors: Thu Hong Khuat, VanAnh Thi Nguyen, Melissa Jardine, Timothy Moore, Thu Huong Bui and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:25
  4. For over 15 years the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) has been a leading donor for harm reduction projects in Southeast Asia. The recent AusAID-supported harm reduction projects of gre...

    Authors: Nick Thomson, Tim Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:23
  5. Differences in beliefs about Cannabis were compared between Canada, Sweden and Finland using nationally representative population surveys containing similar items.

    Authors: John A Cunningham, Jan Blomqvist, Anja Koski-Jännes and Kirsimarja Raitasalo
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:21
  6. Approximately 90,000 Canadians use opioids each year, many of whom experience health and social problems that affect the individual user, families, communities and the health care system. For those who wish to...

    Authors: Jessica Dooley, Mark Asbridge, John Fraser and Susan Kirkland
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:20
  7. This study explored the value of providing information in a Fact Sheet to correct misperceptions about the relative harmfulness of nicotine replacement products (NRT) and smokeless tobacco (ST), when compared ...

    Authors: Ron Borland, Lin Li, K Michael Cummings, Richard O’Connor, Kevin Mortimer, Tom Wikmans, Lars Ramstrom, Bill King and Ann McNeill
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:19
  8. Opiates are the main drugs of abuse, and Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) is the most widely administered drug addiction treatment program in Iran. Our study aimed to investigate patterns of pre-treatment...

    Authors: Hajar Shekarchizadeh, Hamed Ekhtiari, Mohammad R Khami and Jorma I Virtanen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:18
  9. Improving access to sterile injection equipment is a key component in community-based infectious disease prevention. Implementation of syringe access programs has sometimes been complicated by community opposi...

    Authors: Basha Silverman, Corey S Davis, Julia Graff, Umbreen Bhatti, Melissa Santos and Leo Beletsky
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:17
  10. Children acquire language without instruction as long as they are regularly and meaningfully engaged with an accessible human language. Today, 80% of children born deaf in the developed world are implanted wit...

    Authors: Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann and Scott R Smith
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:16
  11. Cannabis use can frequently have adverse affects in those that use it and these can be amplified by various characteristics of an individual, from demographic and environmental variations to familial predispos...

    Authors: Ariella A Camera, Veronica Tomaselli, Jerry Fleming, Gul A Jabbar, Melissa Trachtenberg, Juan A Galvez-Buccollini, Ashley C Proal, Richard N Rosenthal and Lynn E DeLisi
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:15
  12. Integrated treatment programs (those that include on-site pregnancy-, parenting-, or child-related services with addiction services) were developed to break the intergenerational cycle of addiction, dysfunctio...

    Authors: Alison Niccols, Karen Milligan, Wendy Sword, Lehana Thabane, Joanna Henderson and Ainsley Smith
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:14
  13. Respiratory depression, a potentially fatal side-effect of opioid-overdose, may be reversed by timely administration of an opioid antagonist, such as naloxone or naltrexone. Tampering with a formulation of mor...

    Authors: Veeraindar Goli, Lynn R Webster, Michael J Lamson, Jody M Cleveland, Kenneth W Sommerville and Eric Carter
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:13
  14. Medical cannabis dispensaries following the social or hybrid model offer supplementary holistic services in addition to dispensing medical cannabis. Historically, alternative physical health services have been...

    Authors: Jennifer L Janichek and Amanda Reiman
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:12
  15. Crystal methamphetamine smoking is associated with many negative health consequences, including the potential for transmission of hepatitis. We examined whether or not a kit for crystal methamphetamine smoking...

    Authors: Charlotte Hunter, Carol Strike, Lorraine Barnaby, Adam Busch, Chantel Marshall, Susan Shepherd and Shaun Hopkins
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:9
  16. Substitution with opioid-agonists (e.g., methadone) has shown to be an effective treatment for chronic long-term opioid dependency. Survival sex work, very common among injection drug users, has been associate...

    Authors: Kirsten Marchand, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Daphne Guh, David C Marsh, Suzanne Brissette and Martin T Schechter
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:8
  17. Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interaction...

    Authors: José AS Crippa, Guilherme N Derenusson, Marcos HN Chagas, Zerrin Atakan, Rocio Martín-Santos, Antonio W Zuardi and Jaime EC Hallak
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:7
  18. Within the UK, injecting in the femoral vein (FV), often called 'groin injecting', is a serious cause of risk and harm. This study aimed to use ultrasound scanning as a means to engage groin injectors (GIs), e...

    Authors: Richard Senbanjo, Tracey Tipping, Neil Hunt and John Strang
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:6
  19. Methamphetamine (MA) use during pregnancy is associated with many pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, small for gestational age, preeclampsia, and abruption. Hawaii has lead the nation in MA use ...

    Authors: Tricia E Wright, Renee Schuetter, Eric Fombonne, Jessica Stephenson and William F Haning III
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:5
  20. The goal of this paper is to both understand and depathologize clinically significant mental distress related to criminalized contact with psychoactive biotic substances by employing a framework known as criti...

    Authors: Sunil K Aggarwal, Gregory T Carter, Craig Zumbrunnen, Richard Morrill, Mark Sullivan and Jonathan D Mayer
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:4
  21. Neuropathic pain affects between 5% and 10% of the US population and can be refractory to treatment. Opioids may be recommended as a second-line pharmacotherapy but have risks including overdose and death. Can...

    Authors: Mark Collen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:1
  22. Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) has a positive impact on substance use and health outcomes among HIV-infected opioid dependent patients. The present study investigates non-medical use of opioids by HIV-infe...

    Authors: Perrine Roux, Patrizia M Carrieri, Julien Cohen, Isabelle Ravaux, Bruno Spire, Michael Gossop and Sandra D Comer
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:31
  23. The risk environment framework provides a valuable but under-utilised heuristic for understanding environmental vulnerability to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers. Brothels...

    Authors: Lisa Maher, Julie Mooney-Somers, Pisith Phlong, Marie-Claude Couture, Ellen Stein, Jennifer Evans, Melissa Cockroft, Neth Sansothy, Tooro Nemoto and Kimberly Page
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:30
  24. Evaluation of tamper resistant formulations (TRFs) and classwide Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) for prescription opioid analgesics will require baseline descriptions of abuse patterns of exis...

    Authors: Stephen F Butler, Ryan A Black, Theresa A Cassidy, Taryn M Dailey and Simon H Budman
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:29
  25. These data were collected as part of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) study. NHBS is a cross-sectional study to investigate HIV behavioral risks among core risk groups in 21 U.S. cities with the...

    Authors: Camila Gelpí-Acosta, Holly Hagan, Samuel M Jenness, Travis Wendel and Alan Neaigus
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:28
  26. This study aimed to explore issues that might impact on the acceptability and feasibility of offering smokers nicotine containing products either to quit nicotine use altogether by using as a short term means ...

    Authors: Ron Borland, Lin Li, Kevin Mortimer, Ann McNeil, Bill King and Richard J O'Connor
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:27
  27. Epidemiological studies suggest that smokeless tobacco in the form of Swedish snus has been used by many smokers in Scandinavia to quit smoking, but the efficacy of snus has so far not been evaluated in contro...

    Authors: Gordana Joksić, Vera Spasojević-Tišma, Ruza Antić, Robert Nilsson and Lars E Rutqvist
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:25
  28. In the last few years there seems to be an emerging interest for including the patients' perspective in assessing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), with treatment satisfaction surveys being the most commo...

    Authors: Joan Trujols, Núria Siñol, Ioseba Iraurgi, Francisca Batlle, Joan Guàrdia and José Pérez de los Cobos
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:23
  29. A nascent HIV epidemic and high prevalence of risky drug practices were detected among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Kabul, Afghanistan from 2005-2006. We assessed prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), ...

    Authors: Catherine S Todd, Abdul Nasir, M Raza Stanekzai, Katja Fiekert, M Zafar Rasuli, David Vlahov and Steffanie A Strathdee
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:22
  30. Evidence shows that smokers are generally misinformed about the relative harmfulness of nicotine, and smokeless forms of nicotine delivery in relation to smoked tobacco. This study explores changing trends in ...

    Authors: Ron Borland, Jae Cooper, Ann McNeill, Richard O'Connor and K Michael Cummings
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:21
  31. Ongoing psychiatric symptoms and substance use are common difficulties experienced by clients enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, little research to date has evaluated if specific types...

    Authors: Heather G Fulton, Sean P Barrett, Cindy MacIsaac and Sherry H Stewart
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:18
  32. Using our research findings, we explore Harm Reduction and Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) using an intersectional lens to provide a more complex understanding of Harm Reduction and MMT, particularly how...

    Authors: Victoria Smye, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe and Viviane Josewski
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:17
  33. The increasing party culture in Zurich presents new challenges, especially regarding the consumption of alcohol and so-called party drugs. Streetwork, the youth advisory service of the city of Zurich, has prov...

    Authors: Ines Hungerbuehler, Alexander Buecheli and Michael Schaub
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:16
  34. Sterile syringe access is a critical component of HIV prevention programs. Although retail pharmacies provide convenient outlets for syringe access, injection drug users (IDUs) may encounter barriers to syring...

    Authors: Robin A Pollini, Perth C Rosen, Manuel Gallardo, Brenda Robles, Kimberly C Brouwer, Grace E Macalino and Remedios Lozada
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:13
  35. Some smokeless tobacco products, such as Swedish snus, are today considered to be associated with substantially fewer health hazards than cigarettes. This risk differential has contributed to the scientific de...

    Authors: Lars E Rutqvist, Margareta Curvall, Thord Hassler, Tommy Ringberger and Inger Wahlberg
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:11
  36. With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R. J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed ...

    Authors: Laura M Romito, M Kim Saxton, Lorinda L Coan and Arden G Christen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:10