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  1. The methodological part of the large-scale study on the psychosocial distress of young people in Slovenia focused on vulnerable young people who use drugs and explored the potential of online interventions in ...

    Authors: Matej Sande, Bojan Dekleva, Špela Razpotnik, Darja Tadič, Mija Marija Klemenčič Rozman and Jana Rapuš Pavel
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:161
  2. Providing sterile drug smoking materials to people who use drugs can prevent the acquisition of infectious diseases and reduce overdose risk. However, there is a lack of understanding of how these practices ar...

    Authors: Abigail Tapper, Catherine Ahern, Zoe Graveline-Long, Noam G. Newberger and Jaclyn M. W. Hughto
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:160
  3. Opioid overdose deaths are of great concern to public health, with over one million lives lost since 1999. While many efforts have been made to mitigate these, Black communities continue to experience a greate...

    Authors: Dong-Chul Seo, Naomi Satterfield, Leonardo Alba-Lopez, Shin Hyung Lee, Charlotte Crabtree and Nicki Cochran
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:159
  4. Research conducted in urban areas has highlighted the impact of housing instability on people who inject drugs (PWID), revealing that it exacerbates vulnerability to drug-related harms and impedes syringe serv...

    Authors: April M. Ballard, Dylan Falk, Harris Greenwood, Paige Gugerty, Judith Feinberg, Peter D. Friedmann, Vivian F. Go, Wiley D. Jenkins, P. Todd Korthuis, William C. Miller, Mai T. Pho, David W. Seal, Gordon S. Smith, Thomas J. Stopka, Ryan P. Westergaard, William A. Zule…
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:157
  5. British Columbia (BC) has been facing a public health emergency of overdose since 2016, with rural regions of the province facing the highest rates of death. Peers (in this case, people with lived experience o...

    Authors: Marnie Scow, Jenny McDougall, Amanda Slaunwhite and Heather Palis
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:156
  6. The Deadly Liver Mob (DLM) program is a peer-led health promotion program that aims to improve access to screening and treatment for blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections for Aboriginal and...

    Authors: Elena Cama, Kim Beadman, Mitch Beadman, Melinda Walker and Carla Treloar
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:154

    The Correction to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2024 21:32

  7. The Deadly Liver Mob (DLM) is a peer-delivered incentivised health promotion program by and for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and was introduced in response to the disproportionate number ...

    Authors: Carla Treloar, Kim Beadman, Mitch Beadman, Kerri-Anne Smith, Jade Christian, Aunty Clair Jackson, Beverley Tyson, Clayton Anderson, Larissa Smyth, Melinda Walker, Jennifer Heslop, Gary Gahan, Victor Tawil, Felicity Sheaves, Louise Maher, Julie Page…
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:153
  8. We evaluated racial/ethnic differences in the receipt of naloxone distributed by opioid overdose prevention programs (OOPPs) in New York City (NYC).

    Authors: Shayla Nolen, Andrew J. Trinidad, Ashly E. Jordan, Traci C. Green, Ali Jalali, Sean M. Murphy, Xiao Zang, Brandon D. L. Marshall and Bruce R. Schackman
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:152
  9. With many drug-related deaths driven by potent synthetic opioids tainting the illicit drug supply, drug checking services are becoming a key harm reduction strategy. Many drug checking technologies are availab...

    Authors: Chloe Grace Rose, A. Simon Pickard, Victoria Kulbokas, Stacey Hoferka, Kaitlyn Friedman, Jennifer Epstein and Todd A. Lee
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:151
  10. Recent policies have lessened restrictions around prescribing buprenorphine-naloxone (buprenorphine) for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). The primary concern expressed by critics of these policies i...

    Authors: Joëlla W. Adams, Michael Duprey, Sazid Khan, Jessica Cance, Donald P. Rice and Georgiy Bobashev
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:150
  11. Drug consumption rooms (DCRs) have been developed in cities with open drug scenes, with the aim to reduce drug-related harm. In Lyon, France's second-largest city, there is no distinct drug use area, which rai...

    Authors: Mathieu Chappuy, Philippe Lack, Baptiste David, Gilles Penavayre, Damien Thabourey, Maira Landulpho, Anthony Plasse, Christophe Icard, François Bailly, Faroudja Boutahra, Pierre Pradat, Marianne Maynard, Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Julia de Ternay and Benjamin Rolland
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:149
  12. Despite law enforcement and health interventions, open drug scenes have led to problems in many countries. The problems are, however, insufficiently explored. There are different types of drug scenes in Iran. ...

    Authors: Sahar Eshrati, MohammadBagher Saberizafarghandi, Meroe Vameghi, Reza Arezoomandan, Hadi Ranjbar, Thomas Clausen and Helge Waal
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:148
  13. Flavored e-cigarettes remain a controversial topic with regulators planning or already implementing restrictions worldwide. In this study, we examined patterns of flavor use in e-cigarettes among a convenience...

    Authors: Konstantinos Farsalinos, Christopher Russell, Riccardo Polosa, Konstantinos Poulas, George Lagoumintzis and Anastasia Barbouni
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:147
  14. Social work with people who use drugs (PWUD) has traditionally focused on abstinence and rehabilitation. In recent years, harm reduction has gained an increasingly more important role in social work with PWUD,...

    Authors: Torkel Richert, Anke Stallwitz and Johan Nordgren
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:146
  15. Most people who inject drugs (PWID) in Iran have not undergone recent HIV testing. While PWID face barriers when seeking HIV testing at health facilities, HIV self-testing (HIVST) could be a promising approach...

    Authors: Mehrdad Khezri, Emily Goldmann, Fatemeh Tavakoli, Mohammad Karamouzian, Mostafa Shokoohi, Soheil Mehmandoost, Nima Ghalekhani, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Don Des Jarlais, Ali Mirzazadeh and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:145
  16. Over 109,000 people in the USA died from a drug overdose in 2022. More alarming is the amount of drug overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (SOOM), primarily fentanyl. From 2015 to 2...

    Authors: Shawkut Amaan Ali, Jasmine Shell, Raymond Harris and Marshall Bedder
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:144
  17. E-cigarettes (electronic nicotine delivery system, ENDS) have been presented as a harm reduction strategy for people who smoke tobacco cigarettes but who cannot achieve abstinence, or for those who wish to con...

    Authors: Maria Ahmed Qureshi, Robin W. M. Vernooij, Giusy Rita Maria La Rosa, Riccardo Polosa and Renee O’Leary
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:143

    The Correction to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2024 21:60

  18. Due to concerns over potential interactions between some hepatitis C direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and opioids, we describe adverse event (AE) reports of concomitant use of opioids and DAAs.

    Authors: Anthony Martinez, Tipu Khan, Douglas E. Dylla, John Marcinak, Michelle Collins, Brad Saget and Brian Conway
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:142
  19. Xylazine has emerged as a consistent part of the unregulated drug supply in recent months. We discuss major domains of xylazine’s harm, current knowledge deficits, clinical and harm reduction strategies for mi...

    Authors: Claire M. Zagorski, Rebecca A. Hosey, Christopher Moraff, Aaron Ferguson, Mary Figgatt, Shoshana Aronowitz, Natalie E. Stahl, Lucas G. Hill, Zoe McElligott and Nabarun Dasgupta
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:141

    The Correction to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:170

  20. Permanent supportive housing is an effective intervention for stably housing most people experiencing homelessness and mental illness who have complex support needs. However, high-risk behaviours and challenge...

    Authors: Nick Kerman, Sean A. Kidd, Christina Mutschler, John Sylvestre, Benjamin F. Henwood, Abe Oudshoorn, Carrie Anne Marshall, Tim Aubry and Vicky Stergiopoulos
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:140
  21. The intersection of dual public health emergencies—the COVID-19 pandemic and the drug toxicity crisis—has led to an urgent need for acute care based harm reduction for unregulated opioid use. Emergency Departm...

    Authors: Sunny Jiao, Vicky Bungay, Emily Jenkins and Marilou Gagnon
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:139
  22. Overdose prevention sites (OPS) are evidence-based interventions to improve public health, yet implementation has been limited in the USA due to a variety of legal impediments. Studies in various US settings h...

    Authors: Kristin E. Schneider, Glenna J. Urquhart, Saba Rouhani, Sean T. Allen, Miles Morris and Susan G. Sherman
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:138
  23. To prevent the transmission of blood-borne infections and reach the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set the goal to distribute 300 sterile needles and syringes e...

    Authors: Franziska Hommes, Amrei Krings, Achim Dörre, Esther Neumeier, Dirk Schäffer and Ruth Zimmermann
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:137
  24. Opioid relapse, one of the common and severe problems during methadone maintenance treatment, can give rise to poor treatment outcomes. This study measured the opioid relapse rate and its associated factors am...

    Authors: Huong Thi Thanh Nguyen and Dai Xuan Dinh
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:136
  25. Meaningful engagement and partnerships with people who use drugs are essential to conducting research that is relevant and impactful in supporting desired outcomes of drug consumption as well as reducing drug-...

    Authors: Phoenix Beck McGreevy, Shawn Wood, Erica Thomson, Charlene Burmeister, Heather Spence, Josh Pelletier, Willow Giesinger, Jenny McDougall, Rebecca McLeod, Abby Hutchison, Kurt Lock, Alexa Norton, Brittany Barker, Karen Urbanoski, Amanda Slaunwhite, Bohdan Nosyk…
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:135
  26. Opioid use disorder (OUD) poses significant public health problems that have increased dramatically, resulting in high rates of morbidity and mortality.

    Authors: Rozner Lihi, Delayahu Yael, Brill Silviu, Sason Anat, Weinstein Marsha, Shoshan Stacy, Schreiber Shaul, Adelson Miriam and Peles Einat
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:134
  27. Syringe service programs (SSPs) provide tools to people who inject drugs (PWID) to prevent overdose, reduce the risk of HIV and HCV infection, and reduce injection frequency. While effective, previous research...

    Authors: Katheryn Salow, Helen E. Jack, Joe Tinsley, Caleb J. Banta-Green, Susan Kingston, Matthew Iles-Shih, Judith I. Tsui and Sara Glick
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:133
  28. Little is known about perceptions, use intentions, and behaviors of adults regarding nicotine gum that is marketed and regulated as a consumer product rather than as a medicinal nicotine replacement therapy (N...

    Authors: Cheryl K. Olson, Neil Sherwood, Maia Berkane, Karin Gilligan and Willie J. McKinney Jr.
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:132
  29. The French Addictovigilance network has observed the existence of the intravenous use of oral morphine capsules among people suffering from opioid use disorders. According to persons who inject morphine, these...

    Authors: Célian Bertin, Philémon Dècle, Pierre Chappard, Perrine Roux and Nicolas Authier
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:130
  30. Safe Spaces are a harm reduction approach commonly utilised in nightlife and festival settings to address alcohol and other drug-related harms. Despite increasing use, there has been little independent evaluat...

    Authors: Phillip Wadds, Christopher M. Doran, Anthony Shakeshaft and Dam Anh Tran
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:129
  31. The unintentional consumption of fentanyl is a serious health risk for people who use illicit drugs. In an ongoing community-based study regarding polysubstance use among people who use opioids, we found that ...

    Authors: Jennifer Lorvick, Jordana L. Hemberg, Madeleine J. George, Joy R. Piontak and Megan L. Comfort
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:128
  32. Emerging adults have the highest cannabis consumption rates in Canada and are among the most vulnerable to cannabis-related harms. Since certain cannabis consumption behaviours carry greater risks of harm, the...

    Authors: Isobel McMahon, Laura M. Harris-Lane, Jennifer Donnan, Lisa Bishop and Nick Harris
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:127
  33. Housing environments shape injection drug-related risks and harms and thus represent a critical implementation setting for syringe services programs (SSPs). As critical harm reduction measures, SSPs provide sa...

    Authors: Koharu Loulou Chayama, Cara Ng, Taylor Fleming, Will Small, Kimberly L. Sue and Ryan McNeil
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:126
  34. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are disproportionately impacted by blood-borne viruses (BBVs) and sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Stigma remains one of the key barriers to testing a...

    Authors: Elena Cama, Kim Beadman, Mitch Beadman, Kerri-Anne Smith, Jade Christian, Aunty Clair Jackson, Beverley Tyson, Clayton Anderson, Larissa Smyth, Jennifer Heslop, Gary Gahan, Victor Tawil, Felicity Sheaves, Louise Maher, Julie Page, Donna Tilley…
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:125

    The Correction to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2024 21:34

  35. The opioid epidemic continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the US. In 2020, 83% of opioid-related overdose deaths were due to synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl. Drug checking servi...

    Authors: Chloe Grace Rose, Victoria Kulbokas, Emir Carkovic, Todd A. Lee and A. Simon Pickard
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:124
  36. People with substance use disorder are at risk of complications of drug use and frequent hospitalization and may continue to use substances during admission to acute care. Acute care harm reduction strategies ...

    Authors: Casey Wigg, Amy Nolen, Lisa Jauhal and Malika Sharma
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:123
  37. The expanded capacity of syringe services programs (SSPs) in the USA to integrate telehealth services was largely related to flexibility of buprenorphine prescription in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. SSPs...

    Authors: Tyler S. Bartholomew, Hansel E. Tookes, Teresa A. Chueng, Ricky N. Bluthenthal, Lynn D. Wenger, Alex H. Kral and Barrot H. Lambdin
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:122
  38. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is used at disproportionately high rates within sexuality and gender diverse communities and carries a high risk of overdose. GHB overdose can result in death. Internationally, rece...

    Authors: Jack Freestone, Nadine Ezard, Adam Bourne, Jonathan Brett, Darren M. Roberts, Mohamed Hammoud, Anthony Nedanoski, Garrett Prestage and Krista J. Siefried
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:121
  39. Problem opioid use and opioid-related drug overdoses remain a major public health concern despite attempts to reduce and monitor opioid prescriptions and increase access to office-based opioid treatment. Curre...

    Authors: Patrick Kaminski, Brea L. Perry and Harold D. Green Jr.
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:120
  40. The Russian war in Ukraine poses many risks for the spread of HIV, TB and associated conditions, including possible increases in the numbers of people who inject drugs or engage in sex work in the years ahead....

    Authors: Samuel R. Friedman, Pavlo Smyrnov and Tetyana I. Vasylyeva
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:119
  41. Several jurisdictions in Canada have recently considered decriminalizing possession of illicit drugs for personal use (henceforth, simple possession) as part of their responses to the ongoing drug toxicity/ove...

    Authors: Kanna Hayashi, Tyson Singh Kelsall, Caitlin Shane, Zishan Cui, M.-J. Milloy, Kora DeBeck and Thomas Kerr
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:117
  42. Youth (ages 12–24) rarely access services and supports to address substance use concerns. Peer support can facilitate service engagement and has been associated with positive substance use recovery outcomes in...

    Authors: Roxanne Turuba, Ciara Toddington, Miranda Tymoschuk, Anurada Amarasekera, Amanda Madeleine Howard, Violet Brockmann, Corinne Tallon, Sarah Irving, Steve Mathias, J. L. Henderson and Skye Barbic
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:118
  43. Experiences of stigma and discrimination can act as a significant barrier to testing, monitoring, and treatment for hepatitis B virus (HBV). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are a population d...

    Authors: Elena Cama, Mitch Beadman, Kim Beadman, Max Hopwood and Carla Treloar
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:116

    The Correction to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2024 21:8

  44. Khat is an amphetamine-like plant, produced and commonly chewed in Ethiopia by a large group of the population. Although significant multidimensional harms of khat use have been reported, currently, there are ...

    Authors: Kassahun Habtamu, Solomon Teferra and Awoke Mihretu
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:115
  45. Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) among people who inject drugs (PWID) are a public health concern. This study aimed to co-produce and assess the acceptability and feasibility of a behavioural interventio...

    Authors: Joanna Kesten, Deborah Hussey, Catherine Lord, Leonie Roberts, James Bayliss, Helen Erswell, Andrew Preston, Maggie Telfer, Jenny Scott, Magdalena Harris, Dominic Mellon, Matthew Hickman, Georgie MacArthur and Harriet Fisher
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:114
  46. E-cigarettes can potentially be a harm reduction pathway for adults who smoke and who are seeking to make the complete switch from cigarettes. However, often people who smoke believe that e-cigarettes are just...

    Authors: Sherri Jean Katz, Elisia Cohen and Dorothy Hatsukami
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:113
  47. The messages used to communicate about harm reduction are critical in garnering public support for adoption of harm reduction interventions. Despite the demonstrated effectiveness of harm reduction interventio...

    Authors: Sarah A. White, Rachel Lee, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Susan G. Sherman and Emma E. McGinty
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:112
  48. Many people with high-risk sexual or injection behaviors use harm reduction services with different identities and are therefore counted more than once in client databases. This practice results in inaccurate ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Tavakoli, Willi Mcfarland, Nima Ghalekhani, Mehrdad Khezri, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Marzieh Mahboobi, Ali Mohammad Hosseionpour, Ali Komasi, Mehdi Ghorbanian, Nasim Nasiri Moghadam, Maryam Taghipour and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2023 20:111