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  1. Youth substance use programming and educational strategies are frequently informed by prevention approaches that emphasize abstinence goals, which often do not resonate with youth in their lack of acknowledgme...

    Authors: Emily K. Jenkins, Allie Slemon and Rebecca J. Haines-Saah

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In Canada, funding, administration, and delivery of health services—including those targeting people who use drugs—are primarily the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Access to harm reduction se...

    Authors: Elaine Hyshka, Jalene Anderson-Baron, Kamagaju Karekezi, Lynne Belle-Isle, Richard Elliott, Bernie Pauly, Carol Strike, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Keely McBride, Andrew Hathaway and T. Cameron Wild

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:50

    Content type: Research

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  3. Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organi...

    Authors: Samantha L. Thomas, Melanie Randle, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Steven J. Bowe, Sean Cowlishaw and Mike Daube

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:49

    Content type: Short report

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  4. There is good evidence to suggest that performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use is increasing in Australia and that there is an increase in those using PIEDs who have never used another illicit substanc...

    Authors: Boden Tighe, Matthew Dunn, Fiona H. McKay and Timothy Piatkowski

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:48

    Content type: Research

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  5. The Golden Crescent region of South Asia—comprising Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan—is a principal global site for opium production and distribution. Over the past few decades, war, terrorism, and a shifting p...

    Authors: Syeda Ayesha Farooq, Mohammad Hafiz Rasooly, Syed Hani Abidi, Kayvon Modjarrad and Syed Ali

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:47

    Content type: Review

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  6. Supervised injection services (SIS) have been shown to reduce the public- and individual-level harms associated with injection drug use. While SIS feasibility research has been conducted in large urban centres...

    Authors: Sanjana Mitra, Beth Rachlis, Ayden Scheim, Geoff Bardwell, Sean B. Rourke and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:46

    Content type: Research

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  7. In 2015, the Australian government launched the media campaign Ice Destroys Lives targeting crystal methamphetamine use. Previous research indicates mass media campaigns may have harmful effects for people engage...

    Authors: Caitlin H. Douglass, Elizabeth C. Early, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Anna Palmer, Peter Higgs, Brendan Quinn, Paul M. Dietze and Megan S. C. Lim

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:45

    Content type: Research

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  8. New, more effective and better-tolerated therapies for hepatitis C (HCV) have made the elimination of HCV a feasible objective. However, for this to be achieved, it is necessary to have a detailed understandin...

    Authors: Ryan Buchanan, Salim I. Khakoo, Jonathan Coad, Leonie Grellier and Julie Parkes

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:44

    Content type: Review

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  9. Kyrgyzstan, where HIV is concentrated in prisons and driven by injection drug use, provides a prison-based methadone maintenance therapy program as well as abstinence-oriented therapeutic community based on th...

    Authors: Lyuba Azbel, Julia Rozanova, Ingo Michels, Frederick L. Altice and Heino Stöver

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:43

    Content type: Research

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  10. Authors: Claire E. Kendall, Lisa M. Boucher, Amy E. Mark, Alana Martin, Zack Marshall, Rob Boyd, Pam Oickle, Nicola Diliso, Dave Pineau, Brad Renaud, Tiffany Rose, Sean LeBlanc, Mark Tyndall, Olivia M. Lee and Ahmed M. Bayoumi

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:42

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:16

  11. Personal networks are significant social spaces to spread of HIV or other blood-borne infections among hard-to-reach population, viz., injecting drug users, female sex workers, etc. Sharing of infected needles...

    Authors: Sanjib Kumar Phukan, Gajendra Kumar Medhi, Jagadish Mahanta, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Gay Thongamba, Ramesh S. Paranjape and Brogen S. Akoijam

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:41

    Content type: Research

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  12. Women who inject drugs (WWID) are at heightened risk for HIV due to biological, behavioral, and structural factors. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could aid in HIV prevention for WWID. However, little is know...

    Authors: Suzan M. Walters, Kathleen H. Reilly, Alan Neaigus and Sarah Braunstein

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:40

    Content type: Research

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  13. Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to ex...

    Authors: Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub and Siyan Yi

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:39

    Content type: Research

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  14. WHO, UNODC, and UNAIDS recommend a comprehensive package for prevention, treatment, and care of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). We describe the uptake of services and the cost of implementing a compr...

    Authors: Mary Philip Sebastian, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior and Avina Sarna

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:38

    Content type: Research

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  15. Stigma, criminalisation and a lack of data on drug use contribute to the “invisibility” of people who inject drugs (PWID) and make HIV prevention and treatment service delivery challenging. We aimed to confirm...

    Authors: Andrew Scheibe, Shaun Shelly, Andrew Lambert, Andrea Schneider, Rudolf Basson, Nelson Medeiros, Kalvanya Padayachee, Helen Savva and Harry Hausler

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:35

    Content type: Research

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  16. Take home naloxone (THN) programs reduce mortality by training bystanders to respond to opioid overdoses. Clinical observation by the health care team at the Inner City Youth (ICY) program indicated that young...

    Authors: Keren Mitchell, S. Elise Durante, Katrina Pellatt, Chris G. Richardson, Steve Mathias and Jane A. Buxton

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:34

    Content type: Research

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  17. The HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Russia continues to spread. This exploratory study examines how HIV-prevention measures are perceived and experienced by PWID in the northwestern region...

    Authors: Peter Meylakhs, Aadne Aasland and Arne Grønningsæter

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:33

    Content type: Research

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  18. Injection drug use is associated with HIV and hepatitis C transmission, overdose, and other preventable harms. These harms are heightened for structurally vulnerable injection drug-using populations, as their ...

    Authors: Jade Boyd, Danya Fast, Megan Hobbins, Ryan McNeil and Will Small

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:31

    Content type: Research

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  19. Housing First is an evidence-based practice intended to serve chronically homeless individuals with co-occurring serious mental illness and substance use disorders. Despite housing active substance users, harm...

    Authors: Dennis P. Watson, Valery Shuman, James Kowalsky, Elizabeth Golembiewski and Molly Brown

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:30

    Content type: Review

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  20. Canada has long contended with harms arising from injection drug use. In response to epidemics of HIV infection and overdose in Vancouver in the mid-1990s, a range of actors advocated for the creation of super...

    Authors: Thomas Kerr, Sanjana Mitra, Mary Clare Kennedy and Ryan McNeil

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:28

    Content type: Review

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  21. This article highlights the experiences of a peer-run group, SALOME/NAOMI Association of Patients (SNAP), that meets weekly in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. SNAP is a unique ind...

    Authors: Susan Boyd, Dave Murray and Donald MacPherson

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:27

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:36

  22. Little is known about access to health insurance among people who inject drugs (PWID) who attend syringe exchange programs (SEPs). The goal of the current study was to assess perceptions of SEP staff, includin...

    Authors: Thomas J. Stopka, Marguerite Hutcheson and Ashley Donahue

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:26

    Content type: Research

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  23. Previous research on the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (NEP) in preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) has shown mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to use t...

    Authors: Stephen M. Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L. Kristjansson, George A. Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov and Melanie Fisher

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:25

    Content type: Research

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  24. In Baltimore, MD, as in many cities throughout the USA, overdose rates are on the rise due to both the increase of prescription opioid abuse and that of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids in the drug market....

    Authors: Amos Irwin, Ehsan Jozaghi, Brian W. Weir, Sean T. Allen, Andrew Lindsay and Susan G. Sherman

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:29

    Content type: Research

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  25. Syringe sharing is a high-risk practice associated with the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and HCV. While youth who contend with housing instability are known to be more likely to engage in h...

    Authors: Andreas Pilarinos, Mary Clare Kennedy, Ryan McNeil, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr and Kora DeBeck

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:24

    Content type: Research

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  26. The majority of Americans with opioid use disorder remain out of treatment. Operating in 33 states, Washington DC, and Puerto Rico, harm reduction agencies, which provide sterile syringes and other health serv...

    Authors: Aaron D. Fox, Nancy L. Sohler, Taeko Frost, Carolina Lopez and Chinazo O. Cunningham

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:23

    Content type: Research

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  27. The perspectives of people who use drugs are critical in understanding why people choose to reduce harm in relation to drug use, what practices are considered or preferred in conceptualizations of harm reducti...

    Authors: L. M. Boucher, Z. Marshall, A. Martin, K. Larose-Hébert, J. V. Flynn, C. Lalonde, D. Pineau, J. Bigelow, T. Rose, R. Chase, R. Boyd, M. Tyndall and C. Kendall

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The health of people who use drugs (PWUD) is characterized by multimorbidity and chronicity of health conditions, necessitating an understanding of their health care utilization. The objective of this study wa...

    Authors: Claire E. Kendall, Lisa M. Boucher, Amy E. Mark, Alana Martin, Zack Marshall, Rob Boyd, Pam Oickle, Nicola Diliso, Dave Pineau, Brad Renaud, Tiffany Rose, Sean LeBlanc, Mark Tyndall, Olivia M. Lee and Ahmed M. Bayoumi

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:42

  29. Injection drug use has not been well documented in American Indians living in the USA. American Indian and Alaskan Natives (AI/ANs) show higher rates of substance use compared to the general population, and ha...

    Authors: Mike Anastario, Kris FourStar, Adriann Ricker, Rebecca Dick, Monica C. Skewes and Elizabeth Rink

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Globally, methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to unprecedented health effects of its use. However, gender similarities and differences in early age of MA initiation and its risk...

    Authors: Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Junko Yasuoka, Nyein Chan, Nang Pann Ei Kham, Wint Khine, Su Myat Cho and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. This research sought to explore whether children’s visual and auditory exposure to Electronic Gambling Machines (EGMs) in community clubs contributed to shaping their attitudes towards these types of potential...

    Authors: Amy Bestman, Samantha Thomas, Melanie Randle and Hannah Pitt

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:20

    Content type: Research

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  32. Despite advances in our knowledge of effective services for people who use drugs over the last decades globally, coverage remains poor in most countries, while quality is often unknown. This paper aims to disc...

    Authors: Lucas Wiessing, Marica Ferri, Vendula Běláčková, Patrizia Carrieri, Samuel R. Friedman, Cinta Folch, Kate Dolan, Brian Galvin, Peter Vickerman, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, Viktor Mravčík, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Vana Sypsa, Ana Sarasa-Renedo, Anneli Uusküla, Dimitrios Paraskevis…

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:19

    Content type: Opinion

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  33. While opiate substitution therapy and injecting equipment provision (IEP) have reduced blood-borne viruses (BBV) among people who inject drugs (PWID), some PWID continue to share injecting equipment and acquir...

    Authors: Gail Gilchrist, Davina Swan, April Shaw, Ada Keding, Sarah Towers, Noel Craine, Alison Munro, Elizabeth Hughes, Steve Parrott, John Strang, Avril Taylor and Judith Watson

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  34. Supervised injection facilities (SIFs) are legally sanctioned environments for people to inject drugs under medical supervision. SIFs currently operate in ten countries, but to date, no SIF has been opened in ...

    Authors: Benjamin A. Bouvier, Beth Elston, Scott E. Hadland, Traci C. Green and Brandon D. L. Marshall

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:13

    Content type: Research

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  35. Vietnam has a concentrated HIV epidemic with injection drug use being the dominant mode of HIV transmission. Vietnam has rapidly expanded antiretroviral therapy (ART) and methadone maintenance therapy (MMT). T...

    Authors: Linh Thi Thuy Pham, Akiko Kitamura, Hoa Mai Do, Kim Anh Lai, Nhan Tuan Le, Van Thi Thuy Nguyen and Masaya Kato

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  36. Harmful gambling is a public health issue that affects not only adults but also children. With the development of a range of new gambling products, and the marketing for these products, children are potentiall...

    Authors: Hannah Pitt, Samantha L. Thomas, Amy Bestman, Mike Daube and Jeffrey Derevensky

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Since 2003, a harm reduction program for injecting drug users has been rolled out countrywide in China. It entails services for condom promotion, a needle and syringe program (NSP), and methadone maintenance t...

    Authors: Qing Wu, Carlijn Kamphuis, Lin Duo, Jiahong Luo, Ying Chen and Jan Hendrik Richardus

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  38. New psychoactive substances (NPS) have been increasingly consumed by people who use drugs in recent years, which pose a new challenge for treatment services. One of the largest groups of NPS is synthetic canna...

    Authors: Szilvia Kassai, Judit Nóra Pintér, József Rácz, Brigitta Böröndi, Tamás Tóth-Karikó, Kitti Kerekes and V. Anna Gyarmathy

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  39. Benzodiazepine use is common among patients in opioid agonist therapy; this puts patients at an increased risk of overdose and death. In this study, we examine the impact of baseline and ongoing benzodiazepine...

    Authors: Alexandra M. Franklyn, Joseph K. Eibl, Graham Gauthier, David Pellegrini, Nancy E. Lightfoot and David C. Marsh

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:6

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:15

  40. Gambling can cause significant health and social harms for individuals, their families, and communities. While many studies have explored the individual factors that may lead to and minimise harmful gambling, ...

    Authors: Emily G. Deans, Samantha L. Thomas, Jeffrey Derevensky and Mike Daube

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Due to the popularity of public service announcements (PSAs), as well as the broader health and social harms associated with illicit drug use, this study sought to investigate how drug prevention messages foun...

    Authors: Lianlian Ti, Danya Fast, William Small and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on: