Skip to main content

Articles

Page 16 of 18

  1. Illicit drug overdose deaths (IDD) relate to individual drug dose and context of use, including use with other drugs and alcohol. IDD peaked in British Columbia (BC) in 1998 with 417 deaths, and continues to b...

    Authors: Jane A Buxton, Trevor Skutezky, Andrew W Tu, Bilal Waheed, Alex Wallace and Sunny Mak

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The prevalence of HIV in Vancouver, British Columbia was subject to two distinct periods of rapid increase. The first occurred in the 1980s due to high incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM), and the ...

    Authors: Colin W McInnes, Eric Druyts, Stephanie S Harvard, Mark Gilbert, Mark W Tyndall, Viviane D Lima, Evan Wood, Julio SG Montaner and Robert S Hogg

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:5

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  3. Manipur and Nagaland in northeast India report an antenatal HIV prevalence of > 1% and the current HIV prevalence among injecting drug users is 24% and 4.5% respectively. Through support from DFID's Challenge ...

    Authors: M Suresh Kumar, Richard D Natale, B Langkham, Charan Sharma, Rachel Kabi and Gordon Mortimore

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:4

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  4. Both syringe exchange programs (SEPs) and pharmacy sales of syringes are available in Estonia, though the current high incidence and high prevalence of HIV among injection drug users (IDUs) in Tallinn, Estonia...

    Authors: Sigrid Vorobjov, Anneli Uusküla, Katri Abel-Ollo, Ave Talu, Kristi Rüütel and Don C Des Jarlais

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease and remains a major public health challenge. Despite important expansions of access to conventional treatments, there are still significant proportions of affec...

    Authors: Candice C Gartry, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Nancy Laliberté and Martin T Schechter

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:2

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

  6. Programmatic data from New York City syringe exchange programs suggest that many clients visit the programs infrequently and take few syringes per transaction, while separate survey data from individuals using...

    Authors: Daliah I Heller, Denise Paone, Anne Siegler and Adam Karpati

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2009 6:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. The BC Harm Reduction Strategies and Services (HRSS) policy states that each health authority (HA) and their community partners will provide a full range of harm reduction (HR) services to their jurisdictions ...

    Authors: Jane A Buxton, Emma C Preston, Sunny Mak, Stephanie Harvard and Jenny Barley

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. The Mexico-U.S. border region is experiencing rising rates of blood-borne infections among injection drug users (IDUs), emphasizing the need for harm reduction interventions.

    Authors: Morgan M Philbin, Remedios Lozada, María Luisa Zúñiga, Andrea Mantsios, Patricia Case, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Carl A Latkin and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Aboriginal people experience a disproportionate burden of HIV infection among the adult population in Canada; however, less is known regarding the prevalence and characteristics of HIV positivity among drug-us...

    Authors: Brandon DL Marshall, Thomas Kerr, Chris Livingstone, Kathy Li, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:35

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  10. The region situated where the borders of Mexico, Texas and New Mexico meet is known as 'Paso del Norte'. The Paso del Norte Collaborative was formed to study the seroprevalence of select pathogens and associat...

    Authors: Joan P Baumbach, Lily N Foster, Mark Mueller, Michelle Firestone Cruz, Sonia Arbona, Sharon Melville, Rebeca Ramos and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Unsafe injection practices are prevalent among injection drug users (IDU) and have resulted in numerous forms of drug-related harm including HIV/HCV transmission and other bacterial and viral infections. North...

    Authors: Danya Fast, Will Small, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. There is evidence of a high prevalence of prescription opioid (PO) and crack use among street drug users in Toronto. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe drug use behaviours and preferences as...

    Authors: Michelle Firestone and Benedikt Fischer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. To assess the predictors and prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users in highly endemic regions along major drug trafficking routes in three Chinese provinces.

    Authors: Yujiang Jia, Fan Lu, Gang Zeng, Xinhua Sun, Yan Xiao, Lin Lu, Wei Liu, Mingjian Ni, Shuquan Qu, Chunmei Li, Jianbo Liu, Pingsheng Wu and Sten H Vermund

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Stigma is a key barrier for the delivery of care to patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). In the Asia region, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has disproportionately affected socially marginalised groups, in particular,...

    Authors: Kit Yee Chan, Mark A Stoové and Daniel D Reidpath

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. In an attempt to reduce harm related to gambling problems, an Internet sports betting service provider, bwin Interactive Entertainment, AG (bwin), imposes limits on the amount of money that users can deposit into...

    Authors: Anja Broda, Debi A LaPlante, Sarah E Nelson, Richard A LaBrie, Leslie B Bosworth and Howard J Shaffer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. The epidemic of HIV/AIDS linked to injecting drug usage is one of the most explosive in recent years. After a historical epicentre in Europe, South and North America, at present it is clearly the main cause of...

    Authors: Fabio Mesquita, David Jacka, Dominique Ricard, Graham Shaw, Han Tieru, Hu Yifei, Katharine Poundstone, Madeline Salva, Masami Fujita and Nirmal Singh

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:26

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  17. To develop and evaluate the comparative effectiveness of behavioural interventions of enhanced prevention counselling (EPC) and simple educational counselling (SEC) in reducing hepatitis C viral (HCV) infectio...

    Authors: Mohammed Abou-Saleh, Paul Davis, Philip Rice, Ken Checinski, Colin Drummond, Douglas Maxwell, Christine Godfrey, Christopher John, Betsy Corrin, Christopher Tibbs, Adenekan Oyefeso, Marian de Ruiter and Hamid Ghodse

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The article presents information on the latest drug policy change in the Russian Criminal Code: a decrease of the drug threshold amounts for which possession can lead to a criminal liability. Also, the article...

    Authors: Lev Levinson

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:22

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  19. Harm reduction is a health-centred approach that seeks to reduce the health and social harms associated with high-risk behaviors, such as illicit drug use. The objective of this study is to determine the assoc...

    Authors: Babak Eshrati, Rahim Taghizadeh Asl, Colleen Anne Dell, Parviz Afshar, Peggy MargaretE Millson, Mohammad Kamali and John Weekes

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Methadone is a synthetic, narcotic analgesic used in the treatment of drug misuse. Tragedies involving children being poisoned by the accidental ingestion of methadone are no longer a rare occurrence. Followin...

    Authors: Annemarie Mullin, Rosanna J McAuley, Derrett J Watts, Ilana B Crome and Roger N Bloor

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Injection drug users (IDUs) in San Juan, Puerto Rico are characterized by high rates of daily injecting, injection of shared drugs, re-use of injection syringes, and use of shooting galleries. They lack adequa...

    Authors: HAnn Finlinson, Héctor M Colón, Juan Negrón and Rafaela R Robles

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:14

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  22. Early exit (drop-out) from drug treatment can mean that drug users do not derive the full benefits that treatment potentially offers. Additionally, it may mean that scarce treatment resources are used ineffici...

    Authors: Alex Stevens, Polly Radcliffe, Melony Sanders and Neil Hunt

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of drug-related morbidity and mortality, with incidence data implicating a wide range of HCV transmission risk practices. The Blood-Borne Virus Transmission Risk As...

    Authors: Mark A Stoové, Craig L Fry and Nicholas Lintzeris

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  24. Smoking rates in methadone-maintained patients are almost three times higher than in the general population and remain elevated and stable. Due to the various negative health effects of smoking, nicotine depen...

    Authors: Victoria Wapf, Michael Schaub, Beat Klaeusler, Lukas Boesch, Rudolf Stohler and Dominique Eich

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Swedish snus is a medium/high nicotine delivery, low-nitrosamine moist smokeless tobacco product that has been estimated to be at least 90% less harmful than smoked tobacco. More men use snus than smoke cigare...

    Authors: Jonathan Foulds and Helena Furberg

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:9

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  26. Hepatitis C is the most common blood borne virus in Australia affecting over 200 000 people. Effective treatment for hepatitis C has only become accessible in Australia since the late 1990's, although active i...

    Authors: Josephine Norman, Nick M Walsh, Janette Mugavin, Mark A Stoové, Jenny Kelsall, Kirk Austin and Nick Lintzeris

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The United States has the highest rate of imprisonment of any country in the world. African Americans and Hispanics comprise a disproportionately large share of the prison population. We applied a "prison life...

    Authors: Robert S Hogg, Eric F Druyts, Scott Burris, Ernest Drucker and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death among injection drug users. Over half of injection drug users report at least one nonfatal overdose during their lifetime. Death from opioid overdose rarely occurs i...

    Authors: Susan G Sherman, Donald S Gann, Gregory Scott, Suzanne Carlberg, Dan Bigg and Robert Heimer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Prohibition of illegal drugs is a failed social policy and new models of regulation of these substances are needed. This paper explores a proposal for a post-prohibition, public health based model for the regu...

    Authors: Mark Haden

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2008 5:1

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  30. In 2003, it became legal in the UK for syringe exchange programmes (SEPs) to provide citrate to injecting drug users to solubilise heroin. Little work has been undertaken on the effect of policy change on SEP ...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Jim McVeigh, Martin Chandler, Michelle Wareing and Mark A Bellis

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2007 4:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on: