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  1. Supervised consumption services (SCS) are being implemented across Canada in response to a variety of drug-related harms. We explored the implementation context of newly established SCS in Toronto and the role...

    Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Carol Strike, Jason Altenberg, Lorraine Barnaby and Thomas Kerr
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:30
  2. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a significant global health concern. Despite evidence of the relationship between injecting drug use and HCV, studies on HCV among people who inject drugs in developing countries rem...

    Authors: Siyan Yi, Phalkun Mun, Pheak Chhoun, Navy Chann, Sovannary Tuot and Gitau Mburu
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:29
  3. People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis B (HBV) and HIV without accessible harm reduction programmes. Coverage of needle and syringe and opioid substitution therapy (OS...

    Authors: Andrew Scheibe, Katherine Young, Lorraine Moses, Rudolph L. Basson, Anna Versfeld, C. Wendy Spearman, Mark W. Sonderup, Nishi Prabdial-Sing, Jack Manamela, Adrian J. Puren, Kevin Rebe and Harry Hausler
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:28
  4. Assessments supporting smokeless tobacco (SLT) disease risk are generally decades old. Newer epidemiological data may more accurately represent the health risks associated with contemporary US-based SLT produc...

    Authors: Michael T. Fisher, Susan Marie Tan-Torres, Charles L. Gaworski, Ryan A. Black and Mohamadi A. Sarkar
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:27
  5. Reducing harms of youth substance use is a global priority, with parents identified as a key target for efforts to mitigate these harms. Much of the research informing parental responses to youth substance use...

    Authors: Allie Slemon, Emily K. Jenkins, Rebecca J. Haines-Saah, Zachary Daly and Sunny Jiao
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:26
  6. Options for opioid agonist therapy (OAT) are expanding with the development of prolonged-release (also known as extended-release) 1-week, 1-month, and 6-month formulations of buprenorphine. There is an assumpt...

    Authors: Joanne Neale, Charlotte N. E. Tompkins and John Strang
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:25
  7. The impact of gambling advertisements shown during sporting events on young people is an important public health issue. While extensive research has taken place in Australia, there is still only a limited unde...

    Authors: Natalie Djohari, Gavin Weston, Rebecca Cassidy, Martyn Wemyss and Samantha Thomas
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:24
  8. Using a new needle for every injection can reduce the spread of infectious disease among people who inject drugs (PWID). No previous study has examined new needle use barriers among PWIDs residing in the rural...

    Authors: Stephen M. Davis, Alfgeir L. Kristjansson, Danielle Davidov, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus and Melanie Fisher
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:23
  9. JUUL is the fastest growing and highest selling brand of e-cigarette/vapor products in the USA. Assessing the effect of JUUL vapor products on adult smokers’ use of conventional tobacco cigarettes can help inf...

    Authors: Christopher Russell, Farhana Haseen and Neil McKeganey
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:22
  10. The growing HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has been driven by high rates of injection drug use. The Republic of Georgia has among the highest injection drug use rates globally, with a prevalen...

    Authors: David Otiashvili, Irma Kirtadze, Irina Vardanashvili, Mzia Tabatadze and Allison J. Ober
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:21
  11. In the context of the WHO’s 2016 Viral Hepatitis Strategy and the introduction of treatment that can cure more than 95% of cases with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, the European Joint Action on HIV and Co-...

    Authors: Juan M. Pericàs, Daniel J. Bromberg, Denise Ocampo, Eberhard Schatz, Iwona Wawer, Piotr Wysocki, Kelly Safreed-Harmon and Jeffrey V. Lazarus
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:20
  12. While the prevalence of women’s participation in gambling is steadily increasing, there is a well-recognised male bias in gambling research and policy. Few papers have sought to synthesise the literature relat...

    Authors: Simone McCarthy, Samantha L. Thomas, Maria E. Bellringer and Rebecca Cassidy
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:18
  13. The availability of take home naloxone (THN) was increased for Canadians in 2016, including access to kits via pharmacies. Unlike typical over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs, THN kits may be stored i...

    Authors: Dulcie Lai, Amy Trinh Pham, Praveen P. Nekkar Rao and Michael A. Beazely
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:17
  14. Drug use is associated with increased morbidity and mortality but people who use drugs experience significant barriers to care. Data are needed about the care experiences of people who use drugs to inform inte...

    Authors: Soo Chan Carusone, Adrian Guta, Samantha Robinson, Darrell H. Tan, Curtis Cooper, Bill O’Leary, Karen de Prinse, Grant Cobb, Ross Upshur and Carol Strike
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:16
  15. The HIV epidemic in Georgia is increasing. Data shows that compared to previous years, Georgia has increasingly more HIV-infected individuals than previous assessments. Select client groups remain hard to reac...

    Authors: M. Gogia, C. Lawlor, N. Shengelia, K. Stvilia and H. F. Raymond
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:15
  16. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasingly prevalent among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the context of the current US opioid crisis. Although curative therapy is available and recommended as a publ...

    Authors: Ellen Childs, Sabrina A. Assoumou, Katie B. Biello, Dea L. Biancarelli, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Alberto Edeza, Peter Salhaney, Matthew J. Mimiaga and Angela R. Bazzi
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:14
  17. Ever-increasing numbers of opioid use disorder (OUD) in Canada has created the recent opioid crisis. One common treatment for OUD is methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Various factors, including being a pa...

    Authors: Candice Luo, Nitika Sanger, Laura Zielinski, Meha Bhatt, Hamnah Shahid, Ieta Shams, Natalia Mouravska, Sabrina Luetam, Jackie Hudson, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:13
  18. Residents in border areas are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS due to high rates of risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual practices or illicit drug use. Improving knowledge and attitude toward HIV/AIDS prevention an...

    Authors: Canh Dinh Hoang, Bach Xuan Tran, Manh Duc Pham, Long Hoang Nguyen, Ha Ngoc Do, Quan Hoang Vuong, Manh Tung Ho, Van Nhue Dam, Thu Trang Vuong, Hai Hong Nguyen, Vu Nguyen, Hai Quang Pham, Giang Hai Ha, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S. H. Ho and Roger C. M. Ho
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:11
  19. Injecting drug users are at high risk of HIV infection globally. Research related to female drug users is rare in Kenya, yet it is required to inform the development of gender-sensitive HIV prevention and harm...

    Authors: Gitau Mburu, Mark Limmer and Paula Holland
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:10
  20. A 239-question cross-sectional survey was sent out via email in January 2017 to gather comprehensive information on cannabis use from Canadian medical cannabis patients registered with a federally authorized l...

    Authors: Philippe Lucas, Eric P. Baron and Nick Jikomes
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:9
  21. To improve healthcare entry and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation for HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ukraine, an intervention built upon a successful community-based harm reduction projec...

    Authors: Alexandra Dmitrieva, Vladimir Stepanov, Ievgeniia-Galyna Lukash and Anna Martynyuk
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:8
  22. In March of 2016, Florida passed the Infection Disease Elimination Act (IDEA), legalizing the formation of the first syringe exchange program in Florida, which opened in December of 2016 at a fixed site in Ove...

    Authors: Siddharth Iyengar, Adam Kravietz, Tyler S. Bartholomew, David Forrest and Hansel E. Tookes
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:7
  23. Despite existing efforts to provide antiretroviral treatment (ART) for all HIV-diagnosed people, stigma deprives them of the highest attainable health status and challenges the effectiveness of ART program in ...

    Authors: Phung Quoc Tat Than, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Nu Thi Truong, Thao Phuong Thi Thai, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S. H. Ho and Roger C. M. Ho
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:6
  24. In 2016, a public health emergency was declared in British Columbia due to an unprecedented number of illicit drug overdose deaths. Injection drug use was implicated in approximately one third of overdose deat...

    Authors: Silvina C. Mema, Gillian Frosst, Jessica Bridgeman, Hilary Drake, Corinne Dolman, Leslie Lappalainen and Trevor Corneil
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:4
  25. In 2016, drug overdose deaths exceeded 64,000 in the United States, driven by a sixfold increase in deaths attributable to illicitly manufactured fentanyl. Rapid fentanyl test strips (FTS), used to detect fent...

    Authors: Jacqueline E. Goldman, Katherine M. Waye, Kobe A. Periera, Maxwell S. Krieger, Jesse L. Yedinak and Brandon D. L. Marshall
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:3
  26. We conducted a cross-sectional integrated bio-behavioral survey among sex partners of persons who inject drugs (PWID) to explore reasons for reported increase in reporting of heterosexually transmitted HIV in ...

    Authors: Anna P. Deryabina, Padmaja Patnaik and Wafaa M. El-Sadr
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:1
  27. In midst of the overdose crisis, the clinical features of opioid overdoses seem to be changing. Understanding of the adverse effects of synthetic opioids such as fentanyl is currently limited to clinical setti...

    Authors: Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Tim Gauthier and Mark Lysyshyn
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:64
  28. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global epidemic with an estimated 71 million people infected worldwide. People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented in prison populations globally and have higher ...

    Authors: Des Crowley, Marie Claire Van Hout, John S. Lambert, Enda Kelly, Carol Murphy and Walter Cullen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:62
  29. Though marijuana use has previously been associated with risky alcohol use, studies often do not delineate between the effect of recreational versus therapeutic marijuana use, particularly among people living ...

    Authors: Zachary L. Mannes, Erin G. Ferguson, Larry E. Burrell, Robert L. Cook and Nicole Ennis
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:61
  30. Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) has been available in a standard regime in the Czech Republic since 2000. Buprenorphine is the leading medication, while methadone is available only in a few specialised centres. T...

    Authors: Viktor Mravčík, Barbara Janíková, Barbora Drbohlavová, Petr Popov and Alessandro Pirona
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:60
  31. Individuals experience differential risks in their initiation into drug injecting based on their gender. Data suggest women are more likely to be injected after their initiator and to share injection equipment...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Meyers, Ayden Scheim, Sonia Jain, Xiaoying Sun, M. J. Milloy, Kora DeBeck, Kanna Hayashi, Richard S. Garfein and Dan Werb
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:59
  32. Alcohol and other drug misuse are significant but neglected public health issues in conflict-affected populations. In this article, we review the literature on the challenges and strategies for implementing su...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Jeremy C. Kane, Kaveh Khoshnood, Peter Ventevogel and Wietse A. Tol
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:58
  33. As the burden from the opioid epidemic continues to increase in the state of Minnesota and across the nation, the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy seeks to design an innovative, comprehensive harm r...

    Authors: Lily Rowan Mahon, Amanda N. Hawthorne, Julie Lee, Heather Blue and Laura Palombi
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:57
  34. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is clinically efficacious and recommended for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs (PWID), but uptake remains low and intervention needs are understudied....

    Authors: K. B. Biello, A. R. Bazzi, M. J. Mimiaga, D. L. Biancarelli, A. Edeza, P. Salhaney, E. Childs and M. L. Drainoni
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:55
  35. Estonia continues to have the highest prevalence of HIV among people who inject drugs, and the highest overdose mortality, in the European Union. In August 2017, the Eurasian Harm Reduction Association (EHRA),...

    Authors: Arune Kontautaite, Daria Matyushina-Ocheret, Maria Plotko, Mikhail Golichenko, Mart Kalvet and Lena Antonova
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:54
  36. On the brink of the opening of the first French drug consumption room in Paris, the general opinion of the local involved health care professionals and drug users was not known. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Grégoire Cleirec, Maeva Fortias, Vanessa Bloch, Virgile Clergue-Duval, Frank Bellivier, Thomas Dusouchet, Céline Debaulieu and Florence Vorspan
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:53
  37. Recovery from substance use disorder (SUD) is often considered at odds with harm reduction strategies. More recently, harm reduction has been categorized as both a pathway to recovery and a series of services ...

    Authors: Robert D. Ashford, Brenda Curtis and Austin M. Brown
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:52
  38. Research has demonstrated that the promotion of gambling, particularly within sport, may have a significant impact on positively shaping young people’s attitudes towards gambling. While some governments have i...

    Authors: Samantha L. Thomas, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Rebecca Cassidy, Simone McCarthy, Christian Nyemcsok, Sean Cowlishaw and Mike Daube
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:51
  39. Article 10 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control states the need for industry disclosure of tobacco contents and emissions. Currently, the profiles of key tobacco compounds i...

    Authors: Ariela Braverman-Bronstein, James F Thrasher, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila and Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:50
  40. In recent years, greater emphasis has been placed on gambling venues to identify potential problem gamblers, respond appropriately and refer to treatment. In seeking the perspectives of problem gamblers, venue...

    Authors: Ben J. Riley, Simone Orlowski, David Smith, Michael Baigent, Malcolm Battersby and Sharon Lawn
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:49
  41. Take-home naloxone (THN) programmes are an evidence-based opioid overdose prevention initiative. Elevated opioid overdose risk following prison release means release from custody provides an ideal opportunity ...

    Authors: Michael Curtis, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Amy Kirwan, Stuart A. Kinner, Tony Butler and Mark Stoové
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:48
  42. Cannabis-smoking patients with a psychotic disorder have poorer disease outcomes than non-cannabis-smoking patients with poorest outcomes in patients smoking high-potency cannabis (HPC) containing high Δ9-tetr...

    Authors: Jan van Amsterdam, Jojanneke Vervloet, Gerdien de Weert, Victor J. A. Buwalda, Anna E. Goudriaan and Wim van den Brink
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:47
  43. British Columbia, Canada, is experiencing a public health emergency related to opioid overdoses driven by consumption of street drugs contaminated with illicitly manufactured fentanyl. This cross-sectional stu...

    Authors: Mohammad Karamouzian, Carolyn Dohoo, Sara Forsting, Ryan McNeil, Thomas Kerr and Mark Lysyshyn
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:46
  44. Severe economic difficulties are common among younger generations who currently have an easy access to consumer credit and payday loans in many Western countries. These accessible yet expensive short-term loan...

    Authors: Atte Oksanen, Iina Savolainen, Anu Sirola and Markus Kaakinen
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:45