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  1. Respiratory depression, a potentially fatal side-effect of opioid-overdose, may be reversed by timely administration of an opioid antagonist, such as naloxone or naltrexone. Tampering with a formulation of mor...

    Authors: Veeraindar Goli, Lynn R Webster, Michael J Lamson, Jody M Cleveland, Kenneth W Sommerville and Eric Carter

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Medical cannabis dispensaries following the social or hybrid model offer supplementary holistic services in addition to dispensing medical cannabis. Historically, alternative physical health services have been...

    Authors: Jennifer L Janichek and Amanda Reiman

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:12

    Content type: Research

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  3. Crystal methamphetamine smoking is associated with many negative health consequences, including the potential for transmission of hepatitis. We examined whether or not a kit for crystal methamphetamine smoking...

    Authors: Charlotte Hunter, Carol Strike, Lorraine Barnaby, Adam Busch, Chantel Marshall, Susan Shepherd and Shaun Hopkins

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:9

    Content type: Research

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  4. Substitution with opioid-agonists (e.g., methadone) has shown to be an effective treatment for chronic long-term opioid dependency. Survival sex work, very common among injection drug users, has been associate...

    Authors: Kirsten Marchand, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Daphne Guh, David C Marsh, Suzanne Brissette and Martin T Schechter

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:8

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interaction...

    Authors: José AS Crippa, Guilherme N Derenusson, Marcos HN Chagas, Zerrin Atakan, Rocio Martín-Santos, Antonio W Zuardi and Jaime EC Hallak

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:7

    Content type: Review

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  6. Within the UK, injecting in the femoral vein (FV), often called 'groin injecting', is a serious cause of risk and harm. This study aimed to use ultrasound scanning as a means to engage groin injectors (GIs), e...

    Authors: Richard Senbanjo, Tracey Tipping, Neil Hunt and John Strang

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:6

    Content type: Research

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  7. Methamphetamine (MA) use during pregnancy is associated with many pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, small for gestational age, preeclampsia, and abruption. Hawaii has lead the nation in MA use ...

    Authors: Tricia E Wright, Renee Schuetter, Eric Fombonne, Jessica Stephenson and William F Haning III

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:5

    Content type: Research

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  8. The goal of this paper is to both understand and depathologize clinically significant mental distress related to criminalized contact with psychoactive biotic substances by employing a framework known as criti...

    Authors: Sunil K Aggarwal, Gregory T Carter, Craig Zumbrunnen, Richard Morrill, Mark Sullivan and Jonathan D Mayer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:4

    Content type: Review

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  9. Neuropathic pain affects between 5% and 10% of the US population and can be refractory to treatment. Opioids may be recommended as a second-line pharmacotherapy but have risks including overdose and death. Can...

    Authors: Mark Collen

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) has a positive impact on substance use and health outcomes among HIV-infected opioid dependent patients. The present study investigates non-medical use of opioids by HIV-infe...

    Authors: Perrine Roux, Patrizia M Carrieri, Julien Cohen, Isabelle Ravaux, Bruno Spire, Michael Gossop and Sandra D Comer

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:31

    Content type: Research

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  11. The risk environment framework provides a valuable but under-utilised heuristic for understanding environmental vulnerability to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers. Brothels...

    Authors: Lisa Maher, Julie Mooney-Somers, Pisith Phlong, Marie-Claude Couture, Ellen Stein, Jennifer Evans, Melissa Cockroft, Neth Sansothy, Tooro Nemoto and Kimberly Page

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:30

    Content type: Research

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  12. Evaluation of tamper resistant formulations (TRFs) and classwide Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) for prescription opioid analgesics will require baseline descriptions of abuse patterns of exis...

    Authors: Stephen F Butler, Ryan A Black, Theresa A Cassidy, Taryn M Dailey and Simon H Budman

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. These data were collected as part of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) study. NHBS is a cross-sectional study to investigate HIV behavioral risks among core risk groups in 21 U.S. cities with the...

    Authors: Camila Gelpí-Acosta, Holly Hagan, Samuel M Jenness, Travis Wendel and Alan Neaigus

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. This study aimed to explore issues that might impact on the acceptability and feasibility of offering smokers nicotine containing products either to quit nicotine use altogether by using as a short term means ...

    Authors: Ron Borland, Lin Li, Kevin Mortimer, Ann McNeil, Bill King and Richard J O'Connor

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:27

    Content type: Research

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  15. Epidemiological studies suggest that smokeless tobacco in the form of Swedish snus has been used by many smokers in Scandinavia to quit smoking, but the efficacy of snus has so far not been evaluated in contro...

    Authors: Gordana Joksić, Vera Spasojević-Tišma, Ruza Antić, Robert Nilsson and Lars E Rutqvist

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:25

    Content type: Research

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  16. In the last few years there seems to be an emerging interest for including the patients' perspective in assessing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), with treatment satisfaction surveys being the most commo...

    Authors: Joan Trujols, Núria Siñol, Ioseba Iraurgi, Francisca Batlle, Joan Guàrdia and José Pérez de los Cobos

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:23

    Content type: Research

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  17. A nascent HIV epidemic and high prevalence of risky drug practices were detected among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Kabul, Afghanistan from 2005-2006. We assessed prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), ...

    Authors: Catherine S Todd, Abdul Nasir, M Raza Stanekzai, Katja Fiekert, M Zafar Rasuli, David Vlahov and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:22

    Content type: Research

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  18. Evidence shows that smokers are generally misinformed about the relative harmfulness of nicotine, and smokeless forms of nicotine delivery in relation to smoked tobacco. This study explores changing trends in ...

    Authors: Ron Borland, Jae Cooper, Ann McNeill, Richard O'Connor and K Michael Cummings

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:21

    Content type: Research

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  19. Ongoing psychiatric symptoms and substance use are common difficulties experienced by clients enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, little research to date has evaluated if specific types...

    Authors: Heather G Fulton, Sean P Barrett, Cindy MacIsaac and Sherry H Stewart

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:18

    Content type: Research

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  20. Using our research findings, we explore Harm Reduction and Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) using an intersectional lens to provide a more complex understanding of Harm Reduction and MMT, particularly how...

    Authors: Victoria Smye, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe and Viviane Josewski

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:17

    Content type: Research

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  21. The increasing party culture in Zurich presents new challenges, especially regarding the consumption of alcohol and so-called party drugs. Streetwork, the youth advisory service of the city of Zurich, has prov...

    Authors: Ines Hungerbuehler, Alexander Buecheli and Michael Schaub

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:16

    Content type: Research

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  22. Sterile syringe access is a critical component of HIV prevention programs. Although retail pharmacies provide convenient outlets for syringe access, injection drug users (IDUs) may encounter barriers to syring...

    Authors: Robin A Pollini, Perth C Rosen, Manuel Gallardo, Brenda Robles, Kimberly C Brouwer, Grace E Macalino and Remedios Lozada

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:13

    Content type: Research

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  23. Some smokeless tobacco products, such as Swedish snus, are today considered to be associated with substantially fewer health hazards than cigarettes. This risk differential has contributed to the scientific de...

    Authors: Lars E Rutqvist, Margareta Curvall, Thord Hassler, Tommy Ringberger and Inger Wahlberg

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:11

    Content type: Review

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  24. With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R. J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed ...

    Authors: Laura M Romito, M Kim Saxton, Lorinda L Coan and Arden G Christen

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:10

    Content type: Research

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  25. Few investigations have assessed risk behaviours and social-structural contexts of risk among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Northeast India, where injecting drug use is the major route of HIV transmission. In...

    Authors: Venkatesan Chakrapani, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam and Robert Dubrow

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:9

    Content type: Research

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  26. Unsafe reuse of injection equipment in hospitals is an on-going threat to patient safety in many parts of Africa. The extent of this problem is difficult to measure. Standard WHO injection safety assessment pr...

    Authors: Mbah P Okwen, Bedes Y Ngem, Fozao A Alomba, Mireille V Capo, Savanna R Reid and Ebong C Ewang

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:4

    Content type: Research

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  27. An association between leukoencephalopathy, a disease of the white matter of the brain, and smoking heroin is well recognized. This paper describes 27 cases of leukoencephalopathy identified in two cities in B...

    Authors: Jane A Buxton, Renee Sebastian, Lorne Clearsky, Natalie Angus, Lena Shah, Marcus Lem and Sian D Spacey

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:3

    Content type: Research

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  28. In some countries, "Big Events" like crises and transitions have been followed by large increases in drug use, drug injection and HIV/AIDS. Argentina experienced an economic crisis and political transition in ...

    Authors: Diana Rossi, Dhan Zunino Singh, María Pía Pawlowicz, Graciela Touzé, Melissa Bolyard, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Milagros Sandoval and Samuel R Friedman

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. It has been suggested that cigarette smokers will switch to alternative oral nicotine delivery products to reduce their health risks if informed of the relative risk difference. However, it is important to ass...

    Authors: Richard J O'Connor, Kaila J Norton, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Martin C Mahoney, K Michael Cummings and Ron Borland

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2011 8:1

    Content type: Research

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  30. Methadone is a synthetic opiate mu receptor agonist that is widely used to substitute for illicit opiates in the management of opiate dependence. It helps prevent opiate users from injecting and sharing needle...

    Authors: Nasir Mohamad, Nor HidayahAbu Bakar, Nurfadhlina Musa, Nazila Talib and Rusli Ismail

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2010 7:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. There is good evidence for the effectiveness of opioid substitution therapy (OST) for injecting drug users (IDUs) in middle and high-income countries but little evidence regarding the provision of OST by non-g...

    Authors: Gregory Armstrong, Michelle Kermode, Charan Sharma, Biangtung Langkham and Nick Crofts

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2010 7:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The main objectives of this study are to describe the smoked cocaine user's profile in socially-depressed areas and their needs from a harm-reduction perspective, to investigate their use of smoking crack and ...

    Authors: Jordi Delas, Elena Adán, Olga Díaz, Margarita Aguas, Montserrat Pons and Ricardo Fuertes

    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2010 7:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on: